Name for one type of wine with a pale, light red color. The color can range from salmon (light red) to cherry red (dark) depending on the intensity of contact with the berry skins. The name rosé is according to EU Regulation Reserved for wines made exclusively from red wine grapes. A blend or one Cuvée of different types of red wine is permitted. Which as red wine varieties or as Quality wine-grape varieties apply, the countries themselves specify, possibly also the colour and the alcohol content, A rosé is only for Vins and quality wines stating vine and vintage allowed. But there are also some types of white wine with red berry skins such as Roter Muskateller (variety Muscat Blanc ) Gewurztraminer (Red Traminer) or Pinot gris, as well as in South America Cereza and other Criolla varieties which result in a more or less reddish wine. Wines made from such white varieties are not considered rosé in the EU.
In June 2009, the responsible EU Commission rejected a legislative proposal after violent protests by some winegrowing associations that would have made it possible to produce rose wine by simply blending red and white wine. This was intended to eliminate the competitive disadvantage compared to the blending of red and white wines permitted outside the EU for the production of the simplest rose wines. Such a blend of red and white is only for the lowest quality level Wine allowed.
For the Slovenian PTP wine cviček however, a special regulation was obtained. Another exception is the production of sparkling wine blending allowed. With the types of wine popular in Germany Badisch rose gold. Rotling. Squint and Schillerwein white and red wine grapes or their mashes are blended or processed. According to the regulations, these may not be called rosé.
In some wine-growing areas, shares of white wine grapes are allowed when producing red wine with a corresponding exemption, for example Châteauneuf-du-Pape and Côte Rôtie in France as well Chianti in Italy. The grapes are so-called mixed fermentation fermented together. But this is not a rosé wine. This also applies to the type of wine that has become very popular in recent years Orange Wine (Natural Wine, Raw Wine), which mostly has a yellowish red (orange) color.
There are many country-specific names for rosé wines; some with origin protected Names and / or exemptions. The production methods are different, but they are mostly without or with a relatively short Maceration produced so that the berries give off little color and more or less light red wines are created. In addition, there are many light red wines that could be mistaken for rosé wines in terms of appearance and taste. The assignment to reddish white wine, real rosé wine and light red wine can be clearly determined in accordance with EU wine law regulations (see above). A list of all light red wine types (J = rosé according to EU regulation, N = no rosé,? = Depending on the grape variety used and the type of vinification):
From the point of view of manufacture, a rosé stands out White wine actually much closer than that red wine, He is significantly less with anthocyanins (Dyes), tannins and flavorings enriched as a red wine. In detail, however, there are color and taste differences between the individual types of rosé, which mainly result from the grape varieties used and the different long maceration times. The main five manufacturing processes for rosé wine are:
1) In the most common method, the dark grapes are treated as if they were white. On the way through the Traubenmühle will the grape somewhat colored by the colors of the berry shells; unlike red wine, however, there are none maceration (no left on the mash). After this Press the reddish must is then processed like a white wine. This results in very light rosé wines.
2) In the second method, the grapes are pressed after a two to three day maceration and then the grape must is further processed, which usually results in significantly darker and more intense rosé wines.
3) The third method is the so-called "bleeding", French saignée, The grapes are crushed, but not pressed. However, before the must can take on a darker red, a part is removed after 12 to 48 hours or simply obtained by “draining” it. The rest of the must is processed as red wine, which is more concentrated and stronger in color thanks to this process. The rosé is a by-product.
5) When as Blanc de noirs designated wine ("white from black") is a wine made from red wine grapes, which is particularly good at champagne respectively. sparkling wine Application. It can have a light (white) but also a slightly reddish color; if the color is slightly darker, it is called taché. In Germany, "Blanc de noirs" can be used as a supplementary name for Weißherbst be used. However, the name / production is not explicitly defined in German and Austrian wine law.
Rosé wines have a long tradition, particularly in France. The production share in 2010 was 12% (red wines 45%). Rosé wines are also included in many appellations for red wines. This particularly affects the regions Bordeaux with the Bordeaux Rosé and the darker pressed Bordeaux Clairet. Loire with the main rosé area Anjou. Languedoc-Roussillon. Provence and Rhone to. The Tavel from the southern Rhône area Tavel is referred to as the "King of Rose Wine".
Two extremely successful ones Markenroséweine are from Portugal Lancers and the in Bocksbeutel bottles bottled Mateus Rosé, In Italy there are three rosé wines classified with the highest level DOCG, that is Alta Langa (Piedmont), Franciacorta and Oltrepò Pavese Metodo Classico (both Lombardy). In Austria and Germany, rosé wines were considered light from the 1980s summer wines popular; the production share is relatively low. In Argentina, tremendous quantities are of a much simpler quality, more rosé-like Schank wines respectively. mass wines from different red berries Criolla varieties generated. Here, as well as in Chile and in the USA, there are also many EU-compliant rose wines.
All tools, work and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle can be found under the keyword Weingarten Care, Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as a list of the wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine are under winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,