The red grape may come from Dalmatia ( Croatia ), although today it is mainly found in northern Italy. Synonyms are Blue Rose Muscatel, Isonzo, Krajinska Tamjanika Crna, Moscata Rossa, Moscato Rosa del Trentino (second main name), Moscato Rosato, Moscato Rossa, Muškat Crveni, Muškat Ruža, Muškat Ruža Omiski, Muškat Ruža Porečki, Tamjanika Crna and Uva. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not have any similarities with the no longer cultivated varieties Moscato Rosa di Breganze and Muscat Rouge de Madère or other varieties known worldwide as Moscato Rosa or similar. According to 2001 DNA analysis is a direct descendant of Muscat Blanc, the second parent is unknown. The Croatian variety Muškat Ruža Porečki is identical. This supports the assumption that the rose muscatel came from Dalmatia in the 19th century South-Tirol was brought.
It is a pure female grape, The medium to late ripening lockerbeerige Vine is particularly susceptible to due to its thin-skinned berries Botrytis and bunch rot, It produces onion-skin colored red wines with aromas roses (hence the name), cinnamon and honey, as well as light nutmeg, Wines from fully ripe berries contain a relatively high concentration catechin, but only a low content of typical for red wines resveratrol, In this regard, this corresponds more to the type of white wine. That is why it is often used for rosé wines. The variety is mainly in the double region Trentino-Alto Adige where they are in the DOC area South Tyrol is permitted, but also in small quantities in both regions Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Piedmont cultured. The acreage in 2010 was in Italy 67 hectares and in Croatia 14 hectares under the name of Muškat Ruža Porečki. There are small amounts in the Alsace, in Germany and in Austria (Burgenland).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)