The red grape variety may come from Dalmatia ( Croatia ), although today it is mainly found in northern Italy. Synonyms are Blue Rose Muscat, Isonzo, Krajinska Tamjanika Crna, Moscata Rossa, Moscato Rosa del Trentino (second main name), Moscato Rosato, Moscato Rossa, Muškat Crveni, Muškat Ruža, Muškat Ruža Omiski, Muškat Ruža Porečki, Tamjanika Crna and Uva Rosa. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological Similarities may not with the no longer cultivated varieties Moscato Rosa di Breganze and Muscat Rouge de Madère or other globally confused varieties known as Moscato Rosa or similar. According to 2001 occurred DNA analysis is she a direct descendant of Muscat Blanc, the second parent is unknown. The Croatian variety Muškat Ruža Porečki is identical. This supports the assumption that the Rosenmuskateller descended from Dalmatia in the 19th century South-Tirol was brought.
It is a pure female grape, The middle to late ripening, lockerbeerige Vine is particularly susceptible to its thin-skinned berries Botrytis and bunch rot, She recreates onion-colored red wines with aromas roses (hence the name), cinnamon and honey, as well as light nutmeg, Wines from fully ripe berries contain relatively high concentration catechin, but only low for red wines typical content resveratrol, In this respect, this is more like the type of white wine. That is why it is also often used for rosé wines. The variety is mainly in the double region Trentino-Alto Adige where they are in the DOC area South Tyrol is allowed, but in small quantities also in the two regions Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Piedmont cultured. The acreage in 2010 was in Italy 67 hectares and in Croatia under the name Muškat Ruža Porečki 14 hectares. There are small amounts in the Alsace, in Germany and in Austria (Burgenland).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)