In addition to the four described in detail below there are in Germany individual layers of this name in the wine-growing communities Burg Layen (Nahe) and Gau-Algesheim (Rheinhessen). The name derives either from the reddish colored soil or the soil type Permian or from "clearing mountain" ( deforested Mountain).
The stone cross at the head of the vineyard was built in 1808 by the Imperial Count Friedrich von Ingelheim and bears the inscription: According to ancient legends, the wind once drove a mill, where now these vines are . This indicates that once stood a windmill. The south-facing vineyards in 100 to 130 meters above sea level with up to 40% slope cover 20 hectares of vineyards. The soils consist of coarse weathering rock with slate deposits over Taunusquarzit and are crossed by the oxidized clay (iron oxide). You own good Water storage capacity, Here is especially Riesling cultivated. Shares have, for example, the wineries Erbslöh. Privy Councilor J. Wegeler Erben. Geisenheim and Castle Schönborn,
The south-facing vineyards in 160 to 220 meters above sea level with 20 to 45% slope cover nearly 11 hectares of vineyards. The soils consist of reddish rock weatherings of volcanic origin ( Rotliegendes ), sandy loam and loamy sand over sandstone. They are protected from winds in the east and west by the Langenlonsheimer forest. Here we mainly cultivated the Riesling. Shares in the situation have for example the wineries Mayor Willi Schweinhardt Nachf.. Graf-Binzel and Tesch Martin,
The location is part of the so-called "red slope" within the Rhine front, The oriented to the east to southeast and the northernmost edge to the northeast vineyards in 50 to 150 meters above sea level with 10 to 80% slope cover 16 hectares of vineyards. The best part of the core is the steepest vineyard in the Red Slope. Before the Land Consolidation In 1971 these were the locations Fenchelberg and Rothenberg. The floors are made of weathered red slate ( Rotliegendes ), isolated with sandstone and stony-schiefrigem components. Above all, Riesling and Silvaner are cultivated here. A Riesling Spätlese vintage 1920 from this location plays in the play " The cheerful vineyard "Born in Nackenheim writer Carl Zuckmayer an important role. Shares in the situation have for example the wineries Heyl to Herrnsheim. Gunderloch. Kühling-Gillot and Staatliche Weinbaudomäne Oppenheim,
The location was first mentioned in 1211. The name derives from the red-purple Phyllitschiefer. The oriented south to southwest vineyards in 120 to 150 meters above sea level with 20 to 60% slope include 21 hectares of vineyards. The soils consist of phyllite shale with a small amount of stone, as well as fine soil with loess cover. Here is mainly Riesling cultivated. Shares in the situation have z. For example, the wineries Albus. Breuer Georg. Brothers Eser. Diefenhardt's winery. Eser August and Baron Langwerth von Simmern,