In addition to the four described in detail below, there are individual vineyards of this name in Germany in the wine-growing communities of Burg Layen (Nahe) and Gau-Algesheim (Rheinhessen). The name is derived either from the reddish-colored soil or the soil type Permian or from "Rodungsberg" ( deforested Mountain).
The stone cross at the head of the vineyard was erected in 1808 by the Count Friedrich of Ingelheim and bears the inscription: According to old tales, the wind once drove a mill where these vines are now . This indicates that there was once a windmill here. The south-facing vineyards at 100 to 130 meters above sea level with up to 40% slope cover 20 hectares of vineyards. The soils consist of coarse weathered rock with slate deposits over Taunus quartzite and are permeated with oxidized clay (iron oxide). You have good Water storage capacity, Here above all Riesling cultured. The wineries, for example, have shares Erbslöh. Privy Councilor J. Wegeler Heirs. Geisenheim and Schönborn Castle,
The south-facing vineyards at 160 to 220 meters above sea level with 20 to 45% slope cover almost 11 hectares of vineyards. The soils consist of reddish rock weathering of volcanic origin ( Rotliegendes ), sandy loam and loamy sand over sandstone. They are protected from winds in the east and west by the Langenlonsheim forest. The Riesling is cultivated here. The vineyards, for example, have a share in the situation Mayor Willi Schweinhardt Nachf.. Graf-Binzel and Tesch Martin,
The location is part of the so-called "red slope" within the Rhine front, The vineyards at 50 to 150 meters above sea level with 10 to 80% slope incline to the east to southeast and on the northernmost edge also to the northeast comprise 16 hectares of vineyards. The centerpiece, which is considered the best part, is the steepest vineyard in the Red Slope. Before the Land Consolidation In 1971 these were the Fenchelberg and Rothenberg sites. The floors are made of weathered red clay slate ( Rotliegendes ), occasionally with sandstone and stony-sloping components. Above all, Riesling and Silvaner are cultivated here. A Riesling Spätlese vintage 1920 from this location plays in the piece “ The happy vineyard ”By the writer Carl Zuckmayer, who was born in Nackenheim, plays an important role. The vineyards, for example, have a share in the situation Heyl to Herrnsheim. Gunderloch. Kühling-Gillot and State wine-growing domain Oppenheim,
The location was first mentioned in 1211. The name is derived from the red-violet phyllite slate. The south-southwest facing vineyards at 120 to 150 meters above sea level with 20 to 60% slope cover 21 hectares of vineyards. The floors consist of phyllite slate with a small stone content, as well as fine soil with loess layer. Here is mainly Riesling cultured. Have shares in the location z. B. the wineries Albus. Breuer Georg. Brother Eser. Diefenhardt'sches winery. It is August and Baron Langwerth von Simmern,