The red grape comes from the border area Switzerland / Italy, Synonyms are Cornalin, Cornalin du Valais, Landroter and Rouge du Valais. The French ampelographer Adrien Berget assumed in 1903 that the variety originated in the neighboring Italian Aosta Valley. According to 2003 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural cross between the Aosta Valley varieties Petit Rouge x Mayolet, The variety is a parent that is often confused with it Cornalin (Cornalin d'Aoste, Humagne Rouge), as well as from Goron de Bovernier. Neret di Saint-Vincent and Roussin, There is also a close relationship with the variety Vien de Nus,
From Aosta Valley, it came to this a long time ago Wallis, There it becomes a group of grape varieties Old plants counted. It is one of the oldest varieties in Switzerland that has been grown here for centuries (the variety has disappeared in the country of origin). From the middle of the 19th century it was increasingly used by Pinot Noir and Gamay displaced and was then almost extinct in the middle of the 20th century. From the 1970s, it was revived and renamed Cornalin. This led to confusion with the Humagne Rouge alias Cornalin d'Aoste (now Cornalin). Today it is called the old name Rouge du Pays. It becomes a grape variety group in Switzerland Old plants counted.
The medium to late ripening vine is generally sensitive to diseases, but particularly susceptible to Botrytis and real ones mildew, It yields velvety, light bitter tasting red wines with diverse aromas of wild cherries, violets and raspberries. The variety is grown exclusively in the canton of Valais. A total of 116 hectares were recorded in 2010. The name change mentioned is in the statistics of Kym Anderson not yet taken into account, so that both types may be included under Cornalin.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012