The red grape variety comes from the border area Switzerland / Italy, Synonyms are Cornalin, Cornalin du Valais, Landroter and Rouge du Valais. Already the French Ampelograph Adrien Berget assumed in 1903 that the origin of the variety lies in the adjacent Italian Aosta Valley. According to 2003 done DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural cross between the Aostatal varieties Petit Rouge x Mayolet, The variety is a parent who often confused with her Cornalin (Cornalin d'Aoste, Humagne Rouge), as well as from Goron de Bovernier. Neret di Saint-Vincent and Roussin, There is also a close relationship to the variety Vien de Nus,
From Valle d'Aosta she arrived in the long ago Wallis, There she becomes a grape variety group Old plants counted. It is one of the oldest varieties in Switzerland, which has been grown here for centuries (in the country of origin, the variety has disappeared). From the middle of the 19th century, it was increasingly from Pinot Noir and Gamay displaced and was then almost extinct in the middle of the 20th century. From the 1970s, it was revived and renamed the name Cornalin. This led to confusion with the variety Humagne Rouge alias Cornalin d'Aoste (now Cornalin). Today it is again referred to as the old name Rouge du Pays. It becomes a grape variety group in Switzerland Old plants counted.
The medium to late-ripening vine is generally susceptible to disease, but particularly susceptible to Botrytis and real mildew, It provides velvety, easy bitter tasting red wines with diverse aromas of wild cherries, violets and raspberries. The variety is grown exclusively in the canton of Valais. In 2010, a total of 116 hectares were recorded. The mentioned name change is in the statistics of Kym Anderson not yet taken into consideration, so that there may possibly be both varieties under cornalin.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012