The white grape variety comes from France, The name is derived from the rust-red (roux) colored berries. Synonyms are Barbin, Bergeron, Courtoisie, Fromental, Fromental Jaune, Fromenteal, Fromenteau, Greffon, Greffou, Martin Cot, Martin Rot, Petite Roussette, Rosana, Roussanne Blanc, Rusan and Rusan Blan. morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Altesse. Courbu Blanc (Courtesy) Gringet. Marsanne. Rosé du Var (Roussanne du Var) or Roussette d'Ayze be confused. According to DNA analysis exists with Marsanne Parent-offspring relationship,
The early ripening vine is susceptible to the real mildew and Botrytis, It produces acidic white wines with herbal aroma and aging potential. The variety was first mentioned in 1781 in a text about the white wines in Hermitage. Above all, it Rhone grown where they are in the fields Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Cotes du Rhone. Crozes-Hermitage. Hermitage. Saint-Joseph and Saint-Péray is allowed. Furthermore, it is also in the Languedoc-Roussillon and in Savoy in the area Chignin represented (under Bergeron). She is often with Bourboulenc, Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Marsanne and Vermentino blended.
In 2010 Roussanne occupied in France a total of 1,457 hectares with a rapidly increasing trend (in 2000 there were 760 hectares), as well as 110 hectares in Italy where they are in the Tuscan DOC area Monte Carlo is allowed. There are stocks in overseas Australia (83 ha), Chile (6 ha), Canada (5 ha), New Zealand (2 ha), South Africa (45 ha), Uruguay (3 ha) and in the United States California (140 ha), Oregon and Washington, In 2010, it occupied a total of 1,851 hectares of vines with a rapidly increasing tendency (ten years earlier there were 874 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)