The Italian agronomist and Ampelograph Conte Giuseppe di Rovasenda (1824-1913) came from an ancient noble family. He received training for a diplomatic career, but gave up this job after a short time and devoted himself entirely to agriculture and in particular to viticulture and research into vines, The first studies he did in 1860 in Sciolze, a small municipality in the province of Turin, on his uncle's estate. He initially collected various grape varieties from the Piedmont and constantly added varieties from France, Germany and Spain. A comprehensive collection of varieties which were all planted on a hill called "Bicocca" in the town of Villonovetta near Turin.
In 1877, his work "Saggio di Ampelografia Universale" appeared, in which 3,666 grape varieties from this world's largest grape variety collection near Turin are detailed with many details such as morphology and Maturing time are described. Rovasenda created a network of academics, researchers, breeders, winery owners and other collectors. He also worked closely with the Ministry of Agriculture and the Royal Agricultural Academy of Turin, where he was a lifetime honorary member. Rovsenda donated the entire collection of the "Reale Scuola di Viticultura e di Enologia" (Royal School of Viticulture and oenology ) in Alba.