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Named after the town of Rueda (Rad), the DO area is located northwest of Madrid in the heart of the Spanish region Castile and Leon, It was classified in 1980 as DO for then only white wines. Characteristic are the hot, dry summers and the cold long winters. The vineyards cover about 7,500 hectares of vineyards. The limestone-rich soil consists mostly of muddy alluvium, mixed with gravel terraces, which in addition to the continental climate with cold winters and short hot summers promotes the fruitiness and fresh acidity of the wines. By far the largest part of the area is in the area around the capital Valladolid. Huge cornfields characterize the flat landscape, which is why it is also known as the "bread basket of Spain".

A sightseeing are the often ancient Felsenkeller with kilometer-long, labyrinth-like courses. The vineyards are located between 600 and 800 meters above sea level on the southern shore of the Duero, to the west is the DO area Toro at. Viticulture has a history of over a thousand years. After the occupation by the Moors, King Alfonso VI. (1040-1109) already in the 11th century viticulture. In the 17th century, the white wine enjoyed such an excellent reputation that the Spanish royal court reserved half of the production. Around 1900, almost all vineyards were then with about 90,000 hectares of vineyards by the phylloxera destroyed.

It dominate white wine varieties. That is about 50% of the total vine area Verdejo, followed by Viura ( Macabeo ) Palomino and Sauvignon Blanc, In 1972, the settled out Rioja famous bodega Marqués de Riscal who successfully sought the recognition of the Sauvignon Blanc. The winery began to experiment with white wine (in Rioja, only red wine was produced) and introduced new techniques such as covering the grapes and temperature-cooled fermentation in stainless steel tanks using inert gas (Protective gas). This started the rapid ascent.

Today, the aextraktreichen white wines are among the leading Spain. They must consist of at least 50% Verdejo, as other varieties are Sauvignon Blanc, Viura and Palomino approved. The Rueda Verdejo must contain at least 85% Verdejo, but is produced by most vintners sorted. In 1992, after the bottle- fermented sparkling wine Rueda Espumosa was introduced (at least 75% Verdejo), which is stored on the yeast for at least nine months. And finally, in 2004, the red wines of the municipality of Medina del Campo from the variety Tempranillo classified as DO. Well-known producers are Bodega Antaño, Bodegas Aura, Bodegas de Crianza de Castilla La Vieja, Bodega Hermanos de Villar, Marqués de Riscal. Monteabellón, Naia, Náiades, Jose Pariente, Sitios de Bodega and Vinos Sanz.

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