The red grape variety comes from Portugal, Synonyms are Castellana (Galicia), Castellana Negra (Canary Islands?), Penamacor, Pinot Aigret, Preto Rifete, Rifete, rosette (There is also an independent variety of this name in the US), Rufeta and Tinta Pinheira. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Pedral or Tinta Carvalha be confused. According to done in 2013 DNA analysis comes from a presumably natural crossing between Perepinhao Portalegre x Molar ( Negramoll?). However, this is based on only 20 DNA brands (see under molecular Genetics ). The white variety Verdejo Serrano (with the synonym Rufete Blanca) is not a color mutation,
The late-ripening vine is prone to real mildew and Botrytis, It produces bright red, low-alcohol, acid and tannin-based red wines, which contribute to the oxidation tend. With appropriate income regulation and expansion, full-bodied wines with aromas of red fruits and aging potential can arise. The variety is mainly in the east of Beiras, as well as in the fields dão and Douro grown. She is also in the port wine authorized. In Portugal, 4,183 hectares were recorded in 2010. In Spain it was mainly in the region Castile and Leon almost 700 hectares. Overall, they occupied 4,833 hectares of vineyards with rising tendency; Ten years ago, it was 3,397 hectares (Kym Anderson ). It thus proved in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 112.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)