The red grape variety comes from Portugal, Synonyms are Castellana, Penamacor, Pennamaior, Pinot Aigret, Preto Rifete, Rifete, rosette, Rufeta and Tinta Pinheira. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Pedral or Tinta Carvalha be confused. According to in 2013 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural cross between Perepinhao Portalegre x Molar ( Negramoll?). However, this is based on only 20 DNA brands (see under molecular Genetics ). The white variety Verdejo Serrano (with the synonym Rufete Blanca) is not a color mutation,
The late ripening vine is susceptible to real ones mildew and Botrytis, It produces light red, low-alcohol, acid and tannin-stressed red wines that are used for oxidation tend. With appropriate yield regulation and expansion, full-bodied wines with aromas of red fruits and aging potential can arise. The variety is mainly found in the east of Beiras, as well as in the areas dão and Douro grown. It is also in the port wine authorized. In Portugal, 4,183 hectares were recorded in 2010. In Spain especially in the region Castile and Leon almost 700 hectares. In total, it occupied 4,833 hectares of vineyards with an upward trend; ten years earlier it was 3,397 hectares (Kym Anderson ). It thus demonstrated in the worldwide varieties ranking rank 112.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)