SIGN UP LOG IN

The largest wine encyclopedia in the world

22.919 Keywords • 48.190 Synonyms • 5.304 Translations • 28.226 Pronunciations

0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Russia

Rusia (ES)
Russie (F)
Russia (GB)
Russia (I)
Rusland (N)
Rússia (PO)

Despite the fall of the USSR into many countries, Russia is still the largest country in the world with 17 million km². However, the situation in viticulture changes enormously. South of the Caucasus, vines and winegrowing and the area may have been cultivated 8,000 years ago Transcaucasia applies alongside Mesopotamia as the cradle of wine culture. The oldest area of today's Russia is the North Caucasian South Dagestan in the coastal strip of the Caspian Sea, where viniculture has been practiced on a large scale since the beginning of the era. At the beginning of the 17th century, vineyards were planted in Astrakhan in the Volga estuary near the Caspian Sea (now Russia, on the border with Kazakhstan) to supply the Tsar court with wine and grapes. During the tsarist rule, however, wine culture was underdeveloped and wine was imported in large quantities from France and Germany in particular. The count's wineries were an exception Vorontsov (1782-1856) and Prince Lev Golitsyn. The latter is also considered the founder of the famous Crimean champagne (Schampanskoje Krimskoje) at his winery Nowyj Swet, Golitsyn also built the famous state winery today on behalf of Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918) Massandra on. These three wineries on the south coast of Crimea (Ukraine) also have sweet dessert wines of the type of Château d'Yquem. Madeira. port wine and sherry manufactured, which were very popular with the Russian aristocracy.

Russian winegrowing suffered severe setbacks due to the two world wars, but after 1945 new vineyards were planted on a large scale. The Russian government wanted the immense Vodka consumption restrict and thus the rampant alcoholism fight. All of the 15 states at that time were involved in viticulture, mainly authentic, indigenous grape varieties were grown. Before the USSR broke up in 1990, the total area under vines was 1.11 million hectares, of which 16.31 million hectoliters of wine were produced. At that time, the USSR was one of the largest wine producers in the world. Under Mikhail Gorbachev (* 1931) became an extensive one grubbing-up program started to limit alcohol consumption. This objective was clearly missed because consumption only dropped marginally. The result was severe losses in government revenue and setbacks for viticulture, particularly in the Ukraine,

Most of the Russian wine-growing regions have a continental climate. Winters are extremely harsh, which is why over half of the vines have to be winter protection done in the form of earth cover. Around 90% of the vineyards are in the North Caucasus in southwest Russia. The most important wine-growing region is Krasnodar in the foothills of the Caucasus. It lies on the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea and is from the peninsula Crimea separated from Kerch by the street. The second most important is Dagestan in the North Caucasus. The other regions are Stavropol in the foothills of the Caucasus, as well as the quantitative insignificant Rostov and Chechnya (both North Caucasus). The controversial annexation of the Crimean peninsula took place in March 2014. In 2012, 6.22 million hectoliters of wine were produced from 62,000 hectares of vineyards in Russia. This is an enormous amount and indicates extreme yield (see also under Wine production volumes ). The production of sparkling wine has traditionally been of great importance. Over a hundred grape varieties are approved for cultivation. The Blend 2010 (Kym Anderson ):

vine colour Synonyms or name in Russia hectare
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 3593
Bianca White - 3513
Pervenets Magaracha White - 2238
Chardonnay White - 1981
Merlot red - 1588
Aligoté White - 1029
Sauvignon Blanc White - 951
Levokumsky red Levokumskij 890
Riesling White - 882
Saperavi red - 716
Rkatsiteli White - 702
Pinot Blanc White - 695
Krasnostop Zolotovsky red - 562
Pinot Noir red - 533
Dunavski Lazur White Dunajski Lazur 483
Tsimlyansky Cherny red Tsimlyansky 451
Saperavi Severny red - 325
Citronny Magaracha White - 307
Viorika White Viorica 307
Podarok Magaracha White Podarok Magaratcha, Podarok Magaratsch 292
Vidvizhenets pink Vydvijenetz, Vydvizhenets 271
Riton White - 255
Doina red - 227
Traminer White Savagnin Blanc 214
Zala Gyöngye White Zhemchug Zala 193
Muscat d'Hamburg red - 180
Crystal White - 171
Tsvetochny White Tsvetochnyi 169
Isabella red - 162
Amur red - 146
Muscat Blanc / muscatel White Muscat Belyi 145
Stepnyak White Stepniak, Sztyepnyak 144
Riesus White - 115
Müller-Thurgau White - 106
Ruby Golodrigi red - 82
Sukholimansky Bely White - 80
Dekabrskii red Dekabrskiy 78
Pinot gris White - 78
Onitskanskii Belyi White - 66
Trebbiano Toscano White Ugni Blanc 66
Dostoinyi red - 65
Fioletovy Ranny red Filetovyi Ranii 50
Sauvignonasse White - 48
Goecseji Zamatos White Goecsei Zamatos 40
Golubok White Goloubok, Goluboc 37
Kukanovskii White Koukanovsky, Kizilovyi Belyi ?
Kumshatsky Bely White Kumshatskii Belyi ?
Kumshatsky Cherny red Kumshatskii Cherny ?


Former wine-growing USSR countries with small parts of which are significant viticulture Armenia. Azerbaijan. Estonia. Georgia. Kazakhstan. Kyrgyzstan. Latvia. Lithuania. Moldova. Tajikistan. turkmenistan. Ukraine. Uzbekistan and Belarus,

World's largest wine knowledge database, made with by our author Norbert Tischelmayer.

About the Glossary

Calendar EVENTS NEAR YOU

Privacy Notice: ×

Cookies facilitate the provision of our services. By using our services, you agree that we use cookies.