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The winegrowing community in the Austrian state Burgenland is located on the western shore of Lake Neusiedl close to the border Hungary, It is considered the "secret wine capital of Austria". With 1,700 inhabitants, Rust (which is also called the “City of Storks” due to the animals that are common here) is the smallest city in Austria with its own city law. The area was first mentioned in 1317 on the occasion of a deed of gift from the Hungarian king Karl Robert I of Anjou-Naples (1278-1343) for his follower Desiderius Hedevary as "possessio Ceel vocatum circa stagnum Ferthew" and in 1385 as "Rusth" ( Hungarian Szil = elm, Rüster). In 1479 the "Zech" (guild of winegrowers) and the confirmation of the special wine export privileges by the Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus (1440-1490).

Rust - church and stork's nest

The Hungarian Queen Maria (1505-1558) granted great privileges to the Burgenland winegrowers. In 1524 the Rustians received their own trademark protection letter "R" with a letter and seal, which was previously branded on all wine barrels. This was Maria's thanks to the place because, according to legend, she was saved by a Rust winegrower when she was in distress on a boat trip through a storm on the Neusiedlersee. Even today, the "R" is still on most bottle corks. In 1681 the citizens of Rust bought from Kaiser Leopold I (1640-1705) the increase as a "free city" by 60,000 guilders and 500 buckets of the noble sweet white wine Rust outbreak, But this was not a bribe, it was customary at the time. At that time, Ruster wine was already exported to Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia and Poland. The ruler Maria Theresa (1717-1780) valued alongside the Hungarian Tokaj also the Rust wine and was a guest here in 1760. After the First World War, Burgenland and thus Rust came to Austria in 1921.

Rust - with vineyards

The vineyards used to be part of the former wine-growing region Neusiedlersee Hill Country, In 2016 there was a restructuring in which the wine-growing region was abandoned and (not congruently) by the DAC area Leithaberg was replaced. At his own request, Rust does not participate in the DAC system and markets the wines under the Burgenland origin. The vegetation is strongly shaped by the approximately 300 km² large, climate-regulating Lake Neusiedl. With an average of 23 ° C, the temperature is one of the highest in Central Europe. This favors the production of red wines. Similar climatic conditions as in Tokaj (Hungary) favor the formation of Botrytis and thus the sweet wine, The vineyard area is around 400 hectares, which are cultivated by around 50 winegrowers. Known Rieden are old outline, Bandkräftn, Geyer, Gertberg, Gillesberg, Gmärk. Greiner, Hoher Baumgarten, Kraxner, Mariental Upper forest Plachen, Rieglband, Ritter, Turner and Vogelsang,

The most common types of white wine are Riesling, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot gris ) Neuburger. Chardonnay. Traminer respectively. Gewurztraminer and Furmint, The most common types of red wine are Blaufränkisch, Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) Cabernet Sauvignon and Zweigelt, The city of Rust has been the seat of the Wine Academy Austria, where you can be trained as a wine academy. The winemaker cleaning Cercle Ruster outbreak strives for the reputation of the world-famous noble sweet specialty. Well-known wineries are Bachkönig. Elfenhof. Esterházy. Feiler-Artinger. Giefing Erich. Hammer Markus. Force Harald. Schandl Peter. Scheiblhofer. Schröck Heidi. Seiler Georg. Triebaumer Ernst. Triebaumer Günter and Wenceslaus Robert,

Top left: Von Jacquesverlaeken - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Top right: By DanielZanetti - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Picture below: © ÖWM - Armin Faber

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