The wine-growing community in the Austrian state Burgenland lies on the west bank of Lake Neusiedl close to the border Hungary, It is considered the "secret wine capital of Austria". With 1,700 inhabitants, Rust (which is also called "city of storks" due to the animals that are common here) is the smallest town in Austria with its own municipal law. The area was first mentioned in 1317 on the occasion of a deed of donation of the Hungarian King Charles Robert I of Anjou-Naples (1278-1343) for his follower Desiderius Hedevary as "possessio Ceel vocatum circa stagnum Ferthew" and in 1385 as "Rusth" ( Hungarian Szil = elm, Rüster). In 1479, the "Zech" (guild of winegrowers) and the confirmation of the special wine export privileges by the Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus (1440-1490).
The Hungarian Queen Maria (1505-1558) granted Burgenland winegrowers great privileges. In 1524, the Ruster received their own trademark protection mark "R" with letter and seal, which was previously branded on all wine barrels. This was Maria's thanks to the place, because according to legend, she was rescued by a Ruster wine growers, as they came on the Neusiedlersee in a boat trip by a storm in distress. Even today, the "R" is included on most bottle corks. In 1681, the citizens of Rust bought from Emperor Leopold I (1640-1705) the increase as "Freistadt" by 60,000 guilders and 500 buckets of noble sweet white wine Ruster outbreak, This was not a bribe, but usual practice. Already at that time Ruster Wein was exported to Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia and Poland. The ruler Maria Theresa (1717-1780) estimated next to the Hungarian Tokaj also the Ruster wine and was here in 1760 as a guest. After the First World War came in 1921 Burgenland and thus Rust to Austria.
The vineyards were formerly part of the former wine-growing region Neusiedlersee Hill Country, In 2016, a restructuring took place in which the winegrowing area was abandoned and (not congruent) by the DAC area Leithaberg was replaced. At its own request, Rust does not participate in the DAC system and markets the wines under the Burgenland origin. The vegetation is strongly influenced by the approximately 300 km² large, climate-regulating Lake Neusiedl. With an average temperature of 23 ° C, the temperature is the highest in Central Europe. This favors the production of red wines. Similar climatic conditions as in Tokaj (Hungary) favor the formation of Botrytis and thus the sweet wine, The vineyard is about 400 hectares, which are cultivated by about 50 wine growers. Known Rieden are age outline, Bandkräftn, Geyer, Gertberg, Gillesberg, Gmärk. Greiner, High Baumgarten, Kraxner, Mariental, Upper Forest, Plachen, Rieglband, Ritter, Turner and Vogelsang,
The most common white wines are Riesling, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot gris ) Neuburger. Chardonnay. Traminer or. Gewurztraminer and Furmint, The most common red wines are Blaufränkisch, Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) Cabernet Sauvignon and Zweigelt, The city of Rust has been the seat of the Wine Academy Austria where you can train to become a wine graduate. The winegrower cleaning Cercle Ruster outbreak strives for the reputation of the world-famous noble sweet specialty. Well-known wineries are Bachkönig. Elfenhof. Esterházy. Feiler-Artinger. Giefing Erich. Hammer Mark. Strength Harald. Schandl Peter. Scheiblhofer. Schröck Heidi. Seiler Georg. Triebaumer Ernst. Triebaumer Günter and Wenzel Robert,