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The German region with 704 hectares of vineyards is named after the two rivers, in the narrow valleys on the southeast and southwest slopes of the terraced Vineyards are lying. The vineyards extend over three federal states in Germany, Over 90% of these are in Saxony-Anhalt, the rest in Thuringia and only a few hectares in Werder an der Havel in the state Brandenburg, Viticulture has been practiced here for over a thousand years. In a deed of donation of emperor Otto III. (980-1002), a grandson Charlemagne's, this is already documented in the year 998 in writing to the monastery Memleben. Another document testifies vineyards in the area Mansfelder Seen already in 973. The Cistercian Founded in 1137 the monastery of St. Maria ad Portam (today Landesweingut Monastery Pforta ) and laid in 1154 the still existing today Pfortenser Köppelberg on. The old winemaking tradition testifies to a grape in the city coat of arms of the city of Jena, in which the Friedrich Schiller University was founded in 1554. At that time, the Thuringian vineyard was about 10,000 hectares.

Map of the growing area Saale-Unstrut

Saale-Unstrut is that most northern wine-growing region Europe, it lies beyond the 51st latitude, which is considered climatic limit of world viticulture. The soils consist here mainly of weathered shell limestone, as well as included Buntsandstein, Lösslehm and copper shale. There is a lot of sun, but little rain. Saale-Unstrut, with only about 500 millimeters of precipitation a year, is one of the lowest precipitation wine regions in Germany. Very cold "polar winters" with minus temperatures of up to 20 degrees and more are not rare, so for the grapevines danger of frost consists. The vineyards are spread over three areas, four major sites and a total of 37 individual layers. By far the largest area Neuchâtel Castle in the state of Saxony-Anhalt and the small area in the Brandenburg municipality Werder covers over 500 hectares of vineyards. It is divided into the three major locations: Blütengrund, Göttersitz and Schweigenberg. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:

The area Mansfelder Seen in the federal state of Saxony-Anhalt was only created in 2002. The vineyards cover about 80 hectares of vineyards. There is a large location Kelterberg. The wine-growing communities with the individual layers:

  • Hohnstedt : Kreisberg, Steiger, Steineck
  • Seeburg : Sky height
  • Stedten : Pastor's way
  • Westerhausen : Königstein

The area of Thuringia in the homonymous federal state covers 55 hectares of vineyards. There is no big location. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:

  • Auerstedt : Tamsel
  • Bad Sulza : Sonnenberg
  • Dornburg : Schlossberg
  • Dorndorf : Ermtal, Rappental
  • Grand Vargula : Hopfenberg
  • Großheringen : Sonnenberg
  • Jena-Zwätzen : Käuzchenberg
  • Kaatschen-Weichau : Dachsberg
  • Neuengönna : Wurmberg
  • Sun village : Sonnenberg

Well-known producers in Saale-Unstrut are Bohemian Klaus. Frölich-Hake. Gussek. Herzer Stephan. Monastery Pforta. Lützkendorf. Pawis. Rotkäppchen-Mumm and Thuringian winery Bad Sulza, Although almost three quarters of the area is dominated by the white wine varieties, over the past ten years the proportion of red varieties has risen from 21% to more than 26%. This places the growing area in the national trend. Due to the danger of frost Frozen varieties are preferred and therefore many German new varieties tested. Grape variety status 2009 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
% -
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling Sylvaner White 128 18.2
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 87 12.3
Green Silvaner
Blue Silvaner
Sylvaner, Sylvaner White 56
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 52 7.4
Dornfelder - red 50 7.1
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 46 6.5
Kerner - White 45 6.4
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 38 5.4
Pinot Noir
included Samtrot
Pinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir red 30 4.3
Bacchus - White 29 4.1
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 29 4.1
White Gassedel Chasselas, Gutedel White 24 3.4
regent - red 20 2.8
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 20 2.8
Limberger / Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger red 7 1.0
André - red 5 0.7
Kernling - White 5 0.7
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 5 0.7
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 4 0.6
Ortega - White 4 0.4
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 4 0.4
Cabernet Dorsa - red 3 0.4
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 2 0.3
Cabernet Mitos - red 2 0.3
Chardonnay - White 1 0.1
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger White 1 0.1
Hoelder - White 1 0.1
Johanniter - White 1 0.1
Yellow Muscat muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 1 0.1
Acolon - red 0 -
Cabernet Dorio - red 0 -
Domina - red 0 -
dark fields - red 0 -
Morio Muscat Morio White 0 -
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 0 -
Phoenix - White 0 -
Rieslaner - White 0 -
rondo - red 0 -
Schönburger - White 0 -
Solaris - White 0 -
otherwise. white varieties - White 2 0.3
otherwise red varieties - red 2 0.3
TOTAL 704 100

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