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The red grape variety (also Elmer Swenson 2-1-9, ES 2-1-9) is an interspecific new breed between Elmer Swenson 283 (ES 114 x Seyval Blanc ) x Elmer Swenson 193 ( Minnesota 78 x Seneca ). For a long time it was called ES 2-1-9 and was only named in 2001 after the municipality of Sainte-Anne-de-Sabrevois in Quebec-Canada. They are genes from Vitis labrusca. Vitis lincecumii. Vitis riparia. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The crossing of the hybrid was done in 1983 by the breeder Elmer Swenson (1913-2004) near Osceola, Wisconsin. By the way, the new breed is also with the same parents St. Croix emerged. The rather low-yielding vine is resistant to frost down to minus 35 ° Celsius and also against vine diseases in general. It produces deep dark, fruity Red wines with a rather weak expression tannins, The variety is grown in the province of Quebec Canada, as well as in the US states Minnesota and Wisconsin grown. In 2010, however, only ten hectares in Minnesota were shown Anderson ).

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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