The red variety (also Elmer Swenson 2-1-9, ES 2-1-9) is an interspecific new breed between Elmer Swenson 283 (ES 114 x Seyval blanc ) x Elmer Swenson 193 ( Minnesota 78 x Seneca ). It was called ES 2-1-9 for a long time and was named after the municipality of Sainte-Anne-de-Sabrevois in Quebec Canada in 2001. They are genes of Vitis labrusca. Vitis lincecumii. Vitis riparia. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The intersection of hybrid took place in 1983 by the breeder Elmer Swenson (1913-2004) near Osceola, Wisconsin. By the way, with the same parents is also the new breed St. Croix emerged. The rather low-yielding vine is resistant to frost to minus 35 ° Celsius and also generally against vine diseases. She yields deep dark, fruity Red wines with rather weak tannins, The variety is in the province of Quebec in Canada, as well as in the US states Minnesota and Wisconsin grown. In 2010, however, only a ten-hectare inventory was reported in Minnesota (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012