The appellation is located in the west of the French wine region Languedoc between Minervois and Faugères, The red wine was classified as AOC in 1982 and the white wine in 2004. The wines belong to the second quality category "Grands Vins du Languedoc". The origin of viticulture is in a 794 founded Benedictine on the left bank of the Vernazobres. The wine was already famous in the 14th century and in the 19th century it was considered a patient in the hospitals of Paris sick wine administered for strengthening. The vineyards cover 3,100 hectares of vineyards. They extend over 20 municipalities in the department Hérault,
The area is divided into two different sections. In the southern part near the commune of Saint-Chinian with clay and limestone soils, full-bodied, milder wines grow. In the northern higher part around the two municipalities of Berlou and Roquebrun there is slate soil that produces mineral wines. In 2004, two sub-appellations with the names Saint-Chinian Berlou (municipalities Berlou, Cessenon sur Orb, Roquebrun, Predes sur Vernaobres, Vieussan with 250 hectares) and Saint-Chinian Roquebrun (municipalities Cessenon sur Orb, Roquebrun, St. Nazaire de Ladarez, Vieussan with 400 hectares). The red wines of these two areas are classified in the highest quality category "Crus du Languedoc".
Saint-Chinian : Red wine and rosé are made from at least 2 of the 3 main grape varieties Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ), Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) and Syrah, as well as Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Cinsault and Lladoner Pelut ( Garnacha Peluda ) blended. The rosé is said to be largely by means of Saignée method be pressed. The white wine is made from the main grape varieties Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Marsanne. Roussanne and role ( Vermentino ), such as Bourboulenc. Carignan Blanc. Clairette. Macabeo and Viognier produced.
The two sub-appellations only apply to red wines. Saint-Chinian Berlou is made from the Carignan Noir (30 to max. 40%), Syrah, Grenache Noir and Mourvèdre (max. 70%) varieties. Saint-Chinian Roquebrun is produced from the varieties Grenache Noir, Mourvèdre and Syrah (70%) and Carignan Noir (30% max).
There are over 100 producers and eight cooperatives. These include Domaine Borie la Vitarèle, Domaine Canet-Valette, Château Cazal-Viel, Domaine de Fonsalade, Château Guiraud, Domaine des Jougla, Marquise des Mûres, Mas Champart, Château Maurel Fonsalade, Château Milhau-Lacugue, Château Moulinier, Domaine Navarre, CV du Rieu-Berlou, CV de Roquebrun, Château Val d'Orbieu and Château Viranel.