The famous French wine-growing area is located in the east of the region Bordeaux and forms with Pomerol the core area of the so-called Rive droite (right bank) of the estuary Gironde and the Dordogne, It is named after the small town of about 2,000 inhabitants, located on the slopes of a hill above the Dordogne valley. She bears her name after the saint Benedictine monk Emilion (Aemilianus). This lived here according to the legend in the 7th century in the forest of Combes in a cave, which is today on the property of the Château Laniote located. Saint-Émilion is also a stop on the Way of St. James to Santiago de Compostela. It is one of the oldest vineyards France because the Romans planted the first vines here.