One of the famous six communities (next to Listrac-Médoc. Margaux. Moulis. Pauillac and Saint-Julien ) within the French area Haut-Médoc, which are their own appellations and may bear the name of the municipality on the bottle label. It is the northernmost municipality and covers approximately 1,380 hectares of vineyards nearly 50 kilometers north of Bordeaux, The area is one of the oldest vineyards in the Médoc and dates back to the 13th century. Saint-Estèphe is located at the mouth of the estuary Gironde and was a major port at the time. The loamy subsoil over a ferrous stone layer consists of clay, mixed with stones clay and lime. The soils are more fertile than in the southern communities. In addition to the dominant variety Cabernet Sauvignon there is a relatively high proportion of Merlot, The tannin-rich, color-intensive, long-lived red wines are characterized by more acid than the other five.
Here are "only" five of the 61 Châteaux, the famous Bordeaux Classification 1855 were included in the Grand Cru list (see the complete list below Médoc ). These are Château Cos d'Estournel (2nd place), Château Montrose (2nd place), Château Calon-Ségur (3rd place), Château Lafon-Rochet (4th place) and Château Cos Labory (5th place). There are also around 40 as Cru Bourgeois and many classified as Cru Artisan wineries. These include, for example Château Capbern-Gasqueton. Château de Pez. Château Haut-Marbuzet. Château Laffitte-Carcasset. Château Les Ormes-de-Pez. Château Meyney and Château Phélan-Ségur,
From Domenico-de-ga from Wikipedia , CC BY-SA 3.0 , link
Changes from the original by Norbert Tischelmayer 2017