One of the famous six parishes (next to Listrac-Médoc. Margaux. Moulis. Pauillac and Saint-Julien ) within the French area Haut-Médoc, which are appellations of their own and may bear the community name on the bottle label. It is the northernmost municipality and covers around 1,380 hectares of vineyards almost 50 kilometers north of Bordeaux, The area is one of the oldest wine-growing areas in the Médoc and dates back to the 13th century. Saint-Estèphe is located at the estuary Gironde and was an important port at that time. The loamy subsoil over an iron-containing stone layer consists of clay, clay and lime mixed with stones. The soil is more fertile than in the southern communities. In addition to the dominant variety Cabernet Sauvignon there is a relatively high percentage of Merlot, The tannin-rich, color-intensive, long-lived red wines are more acidic than the other five.
Here are "only" five of the 61 châteaux that are part of the famous Bordeaux classification 1855 have been included in the Grand Cru list (see the complete list at Médoc ). These are Château Cos d'Estournel (2nd rank), Château Montrose (2nd rank), Château Calon-Ségur (3rd rank), Château Lafon-Rochet (4th rank) and Château Cos Labory (5th rank). There are also around 40 Cru Bourgeois and many Cru Artisan wineries. These include, for example Château Capbern-Gasqueton. Château de Pez. Château Haut-Marbuzet. Château Laffitte-Carcasset. Château Les Ormes-de-Pez. Chateau Meyney and Château Phélan-Ségur,
By Domenico-de-ga from Wikipedia , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Changes from the original by Norbert Tischelmayer 2017