Important wine-growing community classified as AOC (German Salgesch) in the Swiss canton Wallis
, It lies exactly at the border formed by the brook Raspille between the German-speaking Upper Valais and the French-speaking Lower Valais. More than 40 winegrowers cultivate about 200 hectares of vineyards. Red wines such as Pinot Noir are cultivated to just under 90%, which is due to the predestined soil with a high proportion of lime and magnesium. Salquenen was the first Swiss municipality to introduce in 1988 the first Swiss Grand Cru wine and thus a controlled appellation of origin. Until 2006, only Pinot Noir was allowed, from the 2007 harvest were also the varieties Cornalin d'Aoste (Cornalin), Cornalin du Valais (Rouge du Pays) and Syrah approved. The yield is limited to a maximum of 0.8 kg / m² of grapes. The Mostgewicht
must exceed 96 ° Oechsle.
In addition, only grapes are approved, which according to the method of KIP
(Controlled Integrated Production), that is, have been cultivated in an environmentally friendly way. A saccharification or blending and aging in barriques is expressly prohibited. After maturing for at least 15 months, the wines are tasted by a national commission. Only with at least 18 (to 20) points, the wine may call itself "Grand Cru of the municipality Salgesch". The bottles are marked with a gold label with the community symbol of the Knights of St. John (Maltese Cross). Well-known production companies are, for example St. John winery
. Nouveau Salquenen
and Vins des Chevaliers