Important wine-growing community in the Swiss canton classified as AOC Wallis
, It lies exactly on the border formed by the Raspille stream between the German-speaking Upper Valais and the French-speaking Lower Valais. Around 200 hectares of vineyards are cultivated by over 40 winegrowers. Almost 90% of red varieties such as Pinot Noir are cultivated, which is due to the predestined soil with a high proportion of lime and magnesium. Salquenen was the first Swiss community to introduce the first Swiss Grand Cru wine in 1988 and thus a controlled designation of origin. Until 2006 only Pinot Noir was allowed, from the 2007 harvest the varieties Cornalin d'Aoste (Cornalin), Cornalin du Valais (Rouge du Pays) and Syrah were also approved. The yield is limited to a maximum of 0.8 kg / m² of grapes. The Mostgewicht
must be over 96 ° Oechsle.
In addition, only grapes are allowed, which according to the method of KIP
(Controlled Integrated Production), i.e. environmentally friendly, were grown. Sugaring or blending as well as aging in barriques is expressly prohibited. After at least 15 months of aging, the wines are tasted by a national commission. Only with at least 18 (to 20) points can the wine be called "Grand Cru of the municipality of Salgesch" The bottles are marked with a gold label with the community symbol of the Johanniter Cross (Maltese Cross). Well-known production companies are for example St. John winery
. Nouveau Salquenen
and Vins des Chevaliers