Wine-growing region or province with the capital of the same name in the northwest corner Argentina with around 1,500 hectares of vineyards. The area lies between the regions of Jujuy in the north and Catamarca respectively. La Rioja in the south. The majority of the vineyards extend from 1,500 to 2,400 meters above sea level on the slopes of the Andean valleys in the Valley Calchaquíes around Cafayate. Some vineyards of the company Colomé are even in 3,111 meters, so they are the highest vineyards of the world. The fine sandy and deep soils on stony ground offer excellent permeability. The water for the essential artificial irrigation the vineyards come from the rivers Calchaquí and Santa María and their tributaries. In addition, water is extracted from wells up to 100 meters deep. Over 90% of the vines are trellised.
The temperature differences are extreme - from 40 ° C during the day they drop to 12 ° C at night, in winter to minus 6 ° C. There are long summers with a frost-free period from October to April. The summer thunderstorms often bring the dreaded local hail With. The most important growing area is “Valles Calchaquíes” west of the city of Salta. From the dominant variety here Torrontés Riojano aromatic white wines are pressed. Other varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay and Chenin Blanc, 70% of the vineyards are in the Cafayate sub-area. Important producers are the ones already mentioned Colomé, as well as owned by Pernod Ricard located Etchart, Michel Torino and Yacochuya (Michel joint venture Rolland and Arnaldo Etchart).
Image: Vinum - magazine for wine culture