Wine-growing region or province with capital of the same name in the northwest corner Argentina with about 1,500 hectares of vineyards. The area lies between the regions Jujuy in the north and Catamarca or. La Rioja in the south. The vineyards extend mostly at 1,500 to 2,400 meters above sea level on the slopes of the Andean valleys in the Valley Calchaquíes to Cafayate. Some vineyards of the farm Colomé are even in 3.111 meters, so they are the highest vineyards of the world. The fine sandy and deep soils on stony ground provide excellent permeability. The water for the absolutely necessary artificial irrigation The vineyards come from the rivers Calchaquí and Santa María and their tributaries. In addition, water is extracted from wells up to 100 meters deep. More than 90% of the vines are pulled on trellis.
The temperature differences are extreme - from 40 ° C during the day they fall to 12 ° C at night, down to minus 6 ° C in winter. There are long summers with a frost free time from October to April. The summer thunderstorms often bring the dreaded local hail With. The main growing area is "Valles Calchaquíes" west of the city of Salta. From the dominant variety here TorrontÃ © Riojano aromatic white wines are pressed. Other varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay and Chenin Blanc, In the sub-area Cafayate are 70% of the vineyards. Important producers are already mentioned Colomé, as well as owned by Pernod Ricard winery Etchart, Michel Torino and Yacochuya (joint venture Michel Rolland and Arnaldo Etchart).
Picture: Vinum - Magazine for wine culture