The Greek island with around 470 km² in the east Aegean is off the Ionian coast of Asia Minor (Anatolia, Turkey). According to legend, the Argonaut and first Samos king Ankaios brought 1,000 BC. B.C. Rebstock on the island. Three famous men were born here. The first was the mathematician Pythagoras (580 to 496 BC), to whom the mathematical theorem named after him is attributed. The mathematician Aristarchos (~ 310-250 BC) was convinced of the heliocentric system with the sun as the center, but was not taken seriously. And the third was the philosopher Epicurus (341-270), whose teaching of needless, clever, withdrawn enjoyment of life (Epicureanism) later on hedonism was defamed.
Towards the end of the 19th century, wine from Samos was exported to Europe, but mostly red wines were made autochthonous Sorts. Then she came phylloxera and destroyed almost all vineyards. It was rebuilt with the Moscato Aspro ( Muscat Blanc ), which today occupies 95% of the vineyards. The approximately 1,800 hectares of vineyards on calcareous rock are often only in two lines terraces on steep slopes up to an altitude of 800 meters. These are mainly located at the central mountain Karvounis (1153 m), which is also called Ampelos after the village of the same name on its north side. There are other important areas on the northeast slopes of the Kerkis (1443 m), the western mountain on Samos.
The POP-sweet wine Samos or Muscat de Samos counts alongside that Retsina probably the most famous Greek wine. He will unmixed made from the Moscato Aspro variety. The light golden, sweet wine is characterized by an aroma of oranges and spices. The wine is available in four different versions. With the Vin doux , the grape must is prepared before fermentation Added spirit; the version of it matured in oak barrels for several years is called Anthemis (old name of Samos). With the Vin doux naturel the fermentation goes through Spriten stopped early; the Vin doux naturel Grand Cru version is made from overripe grapes from the best locations.
The best version of Vin naturellement doux (naturally sweet, without added alcohol) is made from sun-dried grapes, the wine matures in oak barrels for at least three years and reaches one alcohol content up to 15% vol. This version is on the label referred to as nectar . There are also some dry-aged Samos wines that are not classified as POP. The white Samena is named after the ancient warships on Samos. A version made from overripe grapes is called Golden Samena . There is also a Retsina from muscat grapes. The largest producer on Samos is the wine cooperative Co-Operatives of Samos, others are Kourtakis and Tsantali,