The appellation is at the top of the Loire in central France. It is named after the eponymous on a 150 meters the river towering hill small community (1,500 inhabitants) on the west bank. The area is known not only for its wines, but also for the soft cheese "Crottin de Chavignol" made from goat's milk. According to legend, the king, known as a wine lover, planted Henry IV (1553-1610) near Chavignol an oak tree, which was allegedly destroyed in a lightning strike in 1993. Incidentally, the wood was used for the production of oak barrels. Henry IV said that "the wine of this place is the best he has ever drunk, and if all the people in his kingdom would drink it, the religious wars would come to an end." At that time mainly red wines were produced.
In the 1960s, only about 700 acres were farmed, but from the 1970s, developed the white wine for cult wine, Today, the vineyards cover around 2,600 hectares of vineyards between 200 and 300 meters above sea level. Certain municipalities or parts may add their name to the appellation. These are Bannay, Bué, Brie (hamlet of Bué), Chavignol (hamlet of Sancerre), Crézancy, Menetou-Ratel, Ménétréol, Pouilly, Sancerre, Sainte-Gemme, Saint-Hilaire-Saint-Florent, Saint Satur, Sury-en -Vaux, Thauvenay, Veauges, Verdigny and Vinon. The area is divided into three areas after the ground. These are "Terres Blanches" (white soils) with a mixture of clay and limestone in the west, the strong gravel and kalkhaltiger in the middle and on flint richer around Sancerre in the east. The continental climate is characterized by cold winters.
The white wine becomes unmixed out Sauvignon Blanc vinified. He is the one of the AOC Pouilly-Fumé very similar, which is a few kilometers further upriver. Out Pinot Noir Light, fragrant rosé and red wines are produced, which make up about 20% of the production. Well-known producers are Domaine Bailly-Reverdy, Domaine Delaporte. Domaine Henri Bourgeois, Cotat Frères, André Dezat, Gustave Fouassier, Domaine Girault, Gitton, Pascal Jolivet, Domaine Laloue, Serge Laporte, Alphonse Mellot, Joseph Mellot, Merlin-Charrier, Paul Milléroux, Henry Natter, Domaine da la Perriere, Vincent Pinard, Paul Prieur, Domaine Raimbault-Pineau, Michel Redde, Pascal & Nicolas Reverdy, Reverdy-Cadet, Dominique Roger, Jean-Max Roger, Domaine des Vieux Pruniers and Domaine Vacheron,