The red grape variety comes from Georgia; the name means "Farmer" (Farmer's Grape). Synonyms are Atenuri Saperavi, Didi Saperavi, Meshketi, Meskuri Saperavi, Obchuri Saperavi, Saperaibi, Saperavi Crni, Saperavi de Kachet, Saperavi de Kakhetie, Saperavi Patara, Saperawi, Sapeur and Szaperavi. There are the game types Saperavi Budeshurisebri, Saperavi Grdzelmarcvala, Saperavi Mskhvilmarcvala and Saperavi Pachkha. The parentage is unknown. It was a crossing partner of the new varieties Akhtanak. Bastardo Magarachsky. Granatovy. Melnik Yubileen. Nerkeni. Novac. Rubinovy Magaracha. Saperavi Severny. Serena. Sibera and Tigrani,
The late ripening, productive vine is resistant to wintry frost and also against drought, It produces vivid, full-bodied, tannic and acidic red wines with aromas of cherries and blackberries and, with appropriate expansion, also aging potential. Due to the strongly coloring red pulp, the variety is also popular as teinturier (Dye grape) used. Even when blended with a third of white wine, the wine remains dark in color. But it is also called table grape used.
Saperavi was widespread in Georgia as early as the 17th century. With 4,751 hectares of vineyards, it is the most common red wine variety there. It is mainly grown in the Kakheti region in the southeast. There it is the dominant variety in the appellation wines Achascheni. Kindzmarauli. Mukuzani and Napareuli, There were further stocks in Armenia. Azerbaijan. Australia. Bulgaria (30 ha), Kazakhstan (428) Moldova (720 ha), Russia (716 ha) and Ukraine (1,514 ha). In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 8,126 hectares of vines with an increasing tendency (in 2000 there were 6,707 hectares). It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 83.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)