It is very rare (except in Bordeaux) that a wine name is synonymous with the producer and the winery name is rather unknown. One example is "Tenuta San Guido". The estate is located ten kilometers from the coast near the municipality of Bolgheri south of Livorno in the Italian region Tuscany, Here the Marchese Mario Incisa della Rochetta (1899-1983), from an ancient noble family dating back to the time of the Roman Empire, settled. He was hereditarily predisposed because his grandfather Leopoldo Incisa had written a bibliography about the most important Italian and international grape varieties at that time.
As a young student of agriculture in Pisa, the Marchese had dreamed of making a "noble wine", for him the benchmark or model was Bordeaux. So he started experimenting with French grape varieties. In 1944, Cabernet Sauvignon was planted on a rocky slope below Castiglioncello Castle. At that time this was outside all recognized growing areas. The first wine was produced in 1948, but the vintages up to 1960 were only drunk on their own property. Some boxes from each year were stored. Through regular rehearsals, the Marchese found that the wines were getting better and better.
In 1965 two more vineyards with Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc created. Only at the urging of his son Nicolò and his famous nephew Piero Antinori, a member of the already legendary winemaking family from Florence, the Marchese was persuaded to market the wine. The originally only 1.6 hectare vineyard area was expanded under the direction of Nicolò Incisa della Rocchetta to over 30 hectares. The annual production is around 200,000 bottles. The vineyard estate is divided into four plots, the best-known Sassicaia, Aia Nuova and Quercione at 100 meters, and Castiglioncello at 350 meters above sea level. Sassicaia in particular draws a special one soil type out.
The first red wine, named "Sassicaia" after the many stones (Sassi) in the vineyards, went on sale in 1968. The varietal wine from Cabernet Sauvignon with a little Cabernet Franc, which was atypical for Italy at the time, immediately attracted international attention and quickly became a cult wine, For many years, however, it was only allowed to be marketed as VdT (table wine) because the two French varieties were not approved for DOC wines. He was next to that Tignanello one of the very first representatives in the aftermath as Super-Tuscans named wines. Later, temperature-controlled fermentation in steel tanks and expansion in French barriques introduced. The wine was first bottled and marketed by Piero Antinori. After the father's death, Niccolò Incisa della Rochetta moved bottling to Bolgheri in the 1980s.
Finally, in 1994 it was in the DOC area Bolgheri a red wine is also permitted, which is why the Sassicaia is next to the Ornellaia contributed significantly. Today is Bolgheri Sassicaia , this is actually the full name, a completely independent DOC area, for which the DOCG classification can be expected in the near future. It is considered one of the very best red wines in Italy and the long-established one Barolo. Brunello di Montalcino or Vino Nobile di Montepulciano at least equal.
The Sassicaia is blended from the two varieties Cabernet Sauvignon (at least 80-85%) and Cabernet Franc (15-20%). The two-week maceration takes place in steel tanks, after which it is aged for 18 to 24 months in one third new barriques. The intensely ruby red wine has a storage potential of several decades. As particularly outstanding vintages apply in 1968, 1975, 1978, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1995 and 1997. The two years 1975 and 1985 are even exuberantly as Wines of the century designated. The second and third wines that have been aged for 12 months are called "Guidalberto" and "Le Difese". The company is a member of the renowned family wineries association PFV (Primum Familiae Vini).