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From the Greek god Pan cited mixed beings of man and goat as representatives of boisterous impulses and fertility daemons, which are devoted to the dance and the wine enjoyment. The voluptuous creatures are of strong, uncouth shape, have shaggy hair, a dull, thrown up nose, pointed ears and a goat's tail or little horse's tail. On ancient Greek vases they are often depicted with erect phallus. The satyrs accompany the Greek wine god Dionysos (or the Roman counterpart Bacchus ) on his travels. The entourage also included the female maenads (frenzy, madness). In the picture on the left is a maenad (left) and a satyr with the thyrsos (Fertility symbol) and one kantharos (Drinking vessel for wine) shown. The father of the satyrs is Silenos, the educator and companion of the young Dionysus. Sometimes called Father also Hermes. The corpse of the satyr Ampelos outgrowed the first grapevine, after him is the ampelography named.

Maenad and a satyr with the thyrsus staff

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