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Saumur

The appellation for red, rosé and white wines is after the city of the same name at the bottom Loire in the west of France named in the department of Maine-et-Loire. It lies between the appellations Anjou (with very similar wines) and Touraine, Saumur is the sparkling wine production center on the Loire and after the Champagne the largest sparkling wine producing area in France. In addition, Saumur is a leader in the production and processing of mushrooms and plays an important role in horticulture. Around 40% of the rose bushes produced in France come from this region. Above the town, perched on a hill, is a tufa castle, built in the 14th century and considered to be the most beautiful of the Loire castles. It is used by the wine brotherhood "Confrérie des Chevaliers du Sacavins" for their ceremonies and events.

Castle of Saumur overlooking the city and the Loire
By Manfred Heyde - own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

The vineyards cover approximately 2,800 hectares of vineyards in 36 municipalities on the slopes of the Loire and its tributary Thouet. The red wines and white wines can be taken under AOC Saumur or Anjou produced (but not vice versa). The white wines are made from at least 80% Chenin Blanc (here Pineau de la Loire), as well Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc produced. The best locations are those from the municipalities of Brézé and Turquant.

The red wines are mainly made Cabernet Franc (here Breton) with shares of Cabernet Sauvignon or Pineau d'Aunis vinified. The best locations are those from the communes of Montreuil-Bellay, Puy-Notre-Dame and Tourtenay. The rosé wines are produced under AOC Anjou Rosé and Cabernet de Saumur .

The AOC Saumur Mousseux and Saumur Pétillant apply to sparkling wines. The whites are made from Chenin Blanc as well as shares of Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc, the rose-colored Cabernet varieties. Sparkling wines can also be under AOC Crémant de Loire be generated.

The vineyards of AOC Saumur-Champigny cover nearly 1,500 hectares in nine municipalities. The red wine is obtained mainly from Cabernet Franc and called the "Beaujolais of the Loire". The AOC Coteaux de Saumur , which covers just 15 hectares, is for white wines from Chenin Blanc.

Well-known producers of the area Saumur are Bouvet Ladubay, Domaine de Filliatreau, Gratien & Meyer, Château du Hureau, Domaine Langlois-Château, Domaine Legrand, Domaine Nerleux, Petite Chapelle, Domaine des Roches Neuves, Domaine de Sain-Just, Les Vignerons de Saumur, Château de Villeneuve.

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