The white grape comes from France, Around 100 synonyms testify to the high age and worldwide distribution of the vine in almost all wine-producing countries, The most important alphabetically grouped by country are grape, Muskat-Silvaner, Würzsilvaner ( Germany ); Blanc Doux, Blanc Fumé, Blanc Fumet, Fumé, Genetine, Gennetin, Gentin a Romorantin, Gros Sauvignon, Libournais, Painechon, Puinechou, Punéchon, Punechou, Quinechon, Sauternes, Sauvignon Blanc Musqué, Sauvignon Fumé, Sauvignon Jaune, Sauvignon Jeune, Sauvignon Musqué, Savagnou, Surin France ); Pellegrina, Pissotta, Sauvignon Bianco ( Italy ); Fumé Blanc ( California ); Sauvignon Bijeli, Sovinjon ( Croatia ); Genetine ( Luxembourg ); Sotern Marunt, Verdo Belîi ( Moldova ); Fig grapes, Muscat-Silvaner, White Sauvignon ( Austria ); Muškatni Silvanec ( Slovenia ); Sauvignon Blanco ( Spain ); Fehér Sauvignon, Zöld Ortlibi ( Hungary ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Ahumat, Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ) Sauvignonasse (Friulano, Tai), Sylvaner or Spergola (formerly synonymous with Sauvignon Blanc in Italy).
According to the year 1999 DNA analysis exists one Parent-offspring relationship with the variety Savagnin Blanc logo CNRS logo INIST Traminer, An earlier suspected parenting Savagnin Blanc x Chenin Blanc was refuted. This also explains why Savagnin Blanc and Sauvignon Blanc were often confused and have the same synonyms. Savagnin Blanc is probably not offspring, but parent, as this variety was mentioned much earlier than the probable offspring Sauvignon Blanc. The second parent is unknown. Relationships exist through Savagnin Blanc with the varieties Aubin Blanc. Béquignol Noir. Green Valtellina. Petit Manseng. Petit Meslier. Räuschling. Rotgipfler. Sylvaner. Teinturier du Cher and Verdelho,
Incidentally, the same parents as Sauvignon Blanc are also the varieties Chenin Blanc and Trousseau Noir emerged. According to 1997 DNA analyzes resulted from a presumably natural crossing between Cabernet Franc x Sauvignon Blanc the variety Cabernet Sauvignon, And according to the latest DNA analysis in 2009 is the variety Sémillon closely related. In the opinion of the diplomologist Andreas Young is Sauvignon Blanc with the variety Greenfinch identical, which was cultivated until the middle of the 17th century in Franconia. color mutations are Sauvignon Gris and Sauvignon Rouge, a flavor mutation called Sauvignon musqué is in California. Sauvignon Blanc was crossing partner of the new breeds Agorra. Arriloba. Misket Sungurlarsky. Sauvignon Cita. Sauvignon Gryn. Sauvignon Crete. Sauvignon Nepis. Sauvignon Rytos. Sauvignon Sary. Sauvin and Sirmium, On open blown Seedling is Avrora Magaracha,
According to an unverifiable legend, the French king Henry IV (1553-1610) immediately after his birth his grandfather rubbed his lips with a clove of garlic and instilled a sip of Sauvignon Blanc. This allegedly made the king the future wine connoisseur. A mention under the name Sauvignon Fumé or Blanc Fumé existed in 1783 in Sancerre. After a lease in the monastery of St. Gallen (Switzerland) Sauvignon Blanc but obviously already in 1692 in the community Pfaffenweiler (Markgräflerland) was grown. This document stipulates that Red Burgundy or Muscatsylvaner (Sauvignon Blanc) must be grown on new crops.
According to one hypothesis, Sauvignon Blanc and Savagnin Blanc (Traminer) are said to have come from Great Moravia over Francs to the Loire and Bordeaux. A second more likely variant, however, calls France and the United States due to some evidence Loire as origin. Regardless of the actual exact origin, the variety probably came later to Germany and Austria. By the third empire in the mid-1930s, the Muscatsylvaner was in to bathe represented. Under the Nazi regime cultivation in Germany was banned on the grounds that the variety was a "enemy wine". Therefore, he was after the Second World War in Germany for a long time without meaning. He was named "Riesling of Würzburg" by the botanist Johann Simon Kerner (1755-1830) immortalized around 1800 in his grapevine plates.
The early to mid-seasoning vine is very prone to Botrytis, Real mildew and generally for wood diseases such as eutypa dieback, but resistant to downy mildew. It produces aromatic, usually acidic white wines with aromas grass, Herbs, gooseberries, green fruits, grapefruit and passion fruit, for which a higher proportion of Methoxypyrazinen (Flavorings) is responsible. Due to the significant aromas, the variety is relatively easy to identify. The wines have excellent storage potential. The variety is one of the closest circle of the sun Cépages noble, the highest quality grape varieties in the world.
In the country of origin France The variety Sauvignon Blanc is mainly in the regions Bordeaux. Loire. Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence represented and admitted there in innumerable appellations. At the Loire will become unmixed the famous white wines Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé vinified. The variety also gives as a blending partner of Sémillon the wines freshness and strength, such as the famous wines of Graves and Sauterne, Acreage in France totaled 27,931 hectares in 2010.
In Europe there are cultivated areas in Germany (516 ha), England (3 ha), Greece (256 ha), Italy (3,744 ha), Croatia (249 ha), Malta. Moldova (8,151 ha), Austria (933 ha), Portugal (171 ha), Romania (4,157 ha), Russia (951 ha), Switzerland (134 ha), Slovakia (208 ha), Slovenia (1,061 ha), Spain (4,011 ha), Czech Republic (804 ha), Turkey (146 ha), Ukraine (3,123 ha), Hungary (907 ha) and up Cyprus, Overseas, these are Argentina (2,296 ha), Australia (6,467 ha), Brazil (45 ha), Chile (12,159 ha), China (1 ha), India. Israel. Japan. Canada (320 ha), Mexico (120 ha), Myanmar (22 ha), New Zealand (16,205 ha), South Africa (9,551 ha) and Uruguay (147 ha), as well as the US states California (~ 6,000 ha), new York. Oregon. Texas. Virginia and Washington, The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 111,285 hectares of vineyards with extremely rising tendency (ten years earlier, there were 64,889 hectares). It thus proved in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 8.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)