The white grape variety comes from France, Around 100 synonyms testify to the old age and the worldwide distribution of the vine in almost all of them wine-producing countries, The most important, grouped alphabetically by country, are fig grape, nutmeg-Silvaner, Würzsilvaner ( Germany ); Blanc Doux, Blanc Fumé, Blanc Fumet, Fumé, Genetin, Gennetin, Gentin a Romorantin, Gros Sauvignon, Libournais, Painechon, Puinechou, Punéchon, Punechou, Quinechon, Sauternes, Sauvignon Blanc Musqué, Sauvignon Fumé, Sauvignon Jaune, Sauvignon Jaune, Sauvignon Musque, Savagnou, Surin ( France ); Pellegrina, pissotta, Sauvignon Bianco ( Italy ); Fumé Blanc ( California ); Sauvignon Bijeli, Sovinjon ( Croatia ); Genetin ( Luxembourg ); Sotern Marunt, Verdo Belîi ( Moldova ); Fig Grape, Nutmeg-Silvaner, White Sauvignon ( Austria ); Muscatni Silvanec ( Slovenia ); Sauvignon Blanco ( Spain ); Fehér Sauvignon, Zöld Ortlibi ( Hungary ). Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Ahumat, Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ) Sauvignonasse (Friulano, Tai), Sylvaner or Spergola (formerly synonymous with Sauvignon Blanc in Italy).
According to in 1999 DNA analysis there is one Parent-offspring relationship with the Savagnin Blanc variety Traminer, A previously suspected parenthood Savagnin Blanc x Chenin Blanc has been refuted. This also explains why Savagnin Blanc and Sauvignon Blanc were often confused and have the same synonyms. Savagnin Blanc is probably not a progeny, but a parent, as this variety was mentioned much earlier than the probable descendant Sauvignon Blanc. The second parent is unknown. There are related relationships through Savagnin Blanc with the varieties Aubin Blanc. Béquignol Noir. Green Valtellina. Petit Manseng. Petit Meslier. Räuschling. Rotgipfler. Sylvaner. Complexion of Cher and Verdelho,
By the way, the varieties are with the same parents as Sauvignon Blanc Chenin Blanc and Trousseau Noir emerged. According to DNA analysis in 1997, it was presumably a natural cross between Cabernet Franc x Sauvignon Blanc the variety Cabernet Sauvignon, And according to the latest DNA analysis in 2009, the variety is Sémillon closely related. According to graduate biologist Andreas Young is Sauvignon Blanc with the variety Greenfinch identical, which was grown in Franconia until the middle of the 17th century. color mutations are Sauvignon gris and Sauvignon Rouge, a taste mutation called Sauvignon musqué is in California. Sauvignon Blanc was a crossing partner of the new varieties Agorra. Arriloba. Misket Sungurlarski. Sauvignon Cita. Sauvignon Gryn. Sauvignon cretos. Sauvignon Nepis. Sauvignon Rytos. Sauvignon Sary. Sauvin and Sirmium, On openly bloomed Is seedling Avrora Magaracha,
According to a non-verifiable legend, the French king Henry IV (1553-1610) immediately after his birth his grandfather rubbed his lips with a clove of garlic and instilled a sip of Sauvignon Blanc. This supposedly made the king a later wine connoisseur. Mentioned as Sauvignon Fumé or Blanc Fumé in Sancerre in 1783. According to a lease agreement in the St. Gallen monastery (Switzerland), Sauvignon Blanc was apparently already grown in the municipality of Pfaffenweiler (Markgräflerland) in 1692. This document stipulates that red burgundy or Muscatsylvaner (Sauvignon Blanc) must be cultivated when new plants are planted.
According to a hypothesis, Sauvignon Blanc and Savagnin Blanc (Traminer) came from Great Moravia via Franconia to the Loire and Bordeaux. However, based on some evidence, France and the Loire as origin. Regardless of the actual exact origin, the variety probably came to Germany and Austria later. The Muscatsylvaner was in until the third Reich in the mid-1930s to bathe represented. Under Nazi rule, cultivation in Germany was prohibited on the grounds that the variety was an “enemy wine”. Therefore, it was of no importance in Germany for a long time after the Second World War. As "Riesling von Würzburg" it was made by the botanist Johann Simon Kerner (1755-1830) immortalized in his grape variety picture panels around 1800.
The early to medium ripening vine is very susceptible to Botrytis, Real mildew and generally for wood diseases such as eutypa dieback but resistant to downy mildew. It produces aromatic, usually acidic white wines with aromas grass, Herbs, gooseberries, green fruits, grapefruit and passion fruit, for which a higher proportion of Methoxypyrazinen (Flavorings) is responsible. The variety is relatively easy to identify due to the significant aromas. The wines have excellent storage potential. The variety belongs to the narrowest circle of the like Cépages nobles, the finest quality grape varieties in the world.
In the country of origin France is the Sauvignon Blanc variety mainly in the regions Bordeaux. Loire. Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence represented and approved there in countless appellations. On the Loire it becomes unmixed the famous white wines Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé vinified. However, the variety also gives the Sémillon the wines freshness and strength, such as the famous wines from Graves and Sauterne, The area under cultivation in France totaled 27,931 hectares in 2010.
In Europe there are areas under cultivation Germany (516 ha), England (3 ha), Greece (256 ha), Italy (3,744 ha), Croatia (249 ha), Malta. Moldova (8,151 ha), Austria (933 ha), Portugal (171 ha), Romania (4,157 ha), Russia (951 ha), Switzerland (134 ha), Slovakia (208 ha), Slovenia (1,061 ha), Spain (4,011 ha), Czech Republic (804 ha), Turkey (146 ha), Ukraine (3,123 ha), Hungary (907 ha) and up Cyprus, These are overseas Argentina (2,296 ha), Australia (6,467 ha), Brazil (45 ha), Chile (12,159 ha), China (1 ha), India. Israel. Japan. Canada (320 ha), Mexico (120 ha), Myanmar (22 ha), New Zealand (16.205 ha), South Africa (9,551 ha) and Uruguay (147 ha), as well as the United States California (~ 6,000 ha), new York. Oregon. Texas. Virginia and Washington, The variety occupied a total of 111,285 hectares of vineyards in 2010 with an upward trend (ten years earlier it was 64,889 hectares). It thus demonstrated in the worldwide varieties ranking rank 8.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)