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Saxony

Saxony (GB)

The cultivation area lies in the federal state Saxony in Germany, That cultivated viticulture goes back to Bishop Benno of Meissen (1010-1106), can not be proven. A winegrowing on the Elbe was first in 1161 in a on Cistercian monastery directed deed of the Meissen Margrave Otto (1156-1190) mentions. Elector Christian I (1560-1591) issued 1588 a first viticulture rules. At the beginning of the 17th century, Württemberger winegrowers were brought to the Elbe to cultivate "Württemberger-style" farming methods such as the terracing to introduce steep slopes through dry stone walls. Since the wine cultivation was operated to the lowlands of the Elbe and had displaced there food production, Elector Johann Georg III issued. (1647-1691) in 1684 the ban "Where the plow can go, no vine shall stand". The Saxon royal house had vineyards in Pillnitz and Wachwitz, whereupon the Royal vineyard suggesting. In the middle of the 19th century, there were nearly 1,700 hectares of vines, but a majority through mildew and phylloxera destroyed.

Climate and soil

The vineyards cover 501 hectares of vineyards north of the 51st latitude and extend in 50 kilometers in length on the slopes of the Elbe and its tributaries. On the border to Poland is the easternmost German vineyard. Since 2006, some vineyards count in the state Brandenburg with the four communities Burkersdorf, Luckau, Neuzelle and Schenkendöbern to the growing region of Saxony. The Saxon Wine Route leads from Seußlitz in the north along the Elbe to Pirna just before the border Czech Republic, The soils consist mainly of slate with sandstone, clay, clay and loess. There is a continental climate with hot, dry summers and occasionally harsh winters with late frosts.

Map of the growing region Saxony

Areas, communities and locations

Saxony consists of two areas, four major locations and 23 individual locations. The area Meissen is divided into the large vineyards Schlossweinberg, Spaargebirge, Lössnitz and Elbe slopes, the area Elstertal with the three municipalities Jessen, Kleindröben and Schlieben has no large location. The Brandenburg areas are single-layer-free. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

Blend

Compared to 2009, there were no major changes. There is no clearly dominant grape variety as in most other growing areas. At the top are the fouri white varieties Müller-Thurgau, Riesling, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris with similar quantities. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling Sylvaner White 71 14.3 82
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 68 13.7 66
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 62 12.5 56
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 47 9.4 44
Pinot Noir incl. SamtrotPinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir red 39 7.8 38
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 26 5.2 28
Kerner - White 27 5.4 26
Dornfelder - red 19 3.8 23
Goldriesling (1) Gelbriesling, Goldmuskat White 27 5.4 21
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 22 4.4 18
Bacchus - White 14 2.8 10
regent - red 11 2.2 9
Solaris - White 10 2.0 7
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger White 9 1.8 8th
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 7 1.4 6
Chardonnay - White 3 0.6 -
Cabernet Blanc - White 3 0.6 -
Johanniter - White 3 0.6 1
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 3 0.6 2
Sauvignon Blanc - White 3 0.6 -
Souvignier Gris - White 3 0.6 -
Domina - red 2 0.4 3
Limberger / Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger red 2 0.4 0
Morio Muscat Morio White 2 0.4 1
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 2 0.4 3
White Gassedel Chasselas, Gutedel White 2 0.4 4
Auxerrois - White 1 0.2 -
dark fields - red 1 0.2 1
Yellow Muscat muscatel. Muscat Blanc White 1 0.2 -
Helios - White 1 0.2 -
Kernling - White 1 0.2 2
Muscaris - White 1 0.2 -
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 1 0.2 1
Cabernet Cortis - red 1 0.2 0
Sylvaner Green Silvaner, Sylvaner White 1 0.2 0
Acolon - red 0 - 0
Bronner - White 0 - -
Cabernet Carbon - red 0 - -
Cabernet Dorio - red 0 - -
Cabernet Dorsa - red 0 - 0
Cabernet Franc - red 0 - 0
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 0 - -
Dakapo - red 0 - 0
Goldmuskateller - White 0 - -
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 0 - 0
hibernal - White 0 - 0
Huxelrebe - White 0 - 0
chancellor - White 0 - 0
monarch - red 0 - -
Phoenix - White 0 - 0
Pinotin - red 0 - -
rondo - red 0 - -
Red Muscat muscatel White 0 - -
Saint Laurent St. Laurent red 0 - 0
Saphira - White 0 - -
Siegerrebe - White 0 - 0
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, schiava red 0 - 0
André - red - - 0
Cabernet Mitos - red - - 0
Merzling - White - - 0
Orion - White - - 0
Pearl of Zala Zala Gyöngye White - - 1
Rieslaner - White - - 0
Sirius - White - - 0
otherwise. white varieties - White 2 0.4 0
otherwise red varieties - red 0 - 0
WHITE VARIETIES 412 82.2 374
RED VARIETIES 89 17.8 87
TOTAL 501 100 461


producers

Known producers of the growing area of Saxony are Hoflößnitz. Judge Vincenz. Castle Proschwitz. Castle Wackerbarth. Shoe Walter and Zimmerling,

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