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Saxony

Saxony (GB)

The named after the state cultivation area is with 461 hectares of vineyards after the Hessian mountain road the second smallest Germany, The legendary story that the cultivated viticulture goes back to Bishop Benno of Meissen (1010-1106), can not be proven by documents. A winegrowing on the Elbe was first in 1161 in a on Cistercian monastery directed deed of the Meissen Margrave Otto (1156-1190) mentions. Elector Christian I (1560-1591) issued 1588 a first viticulture rules. At the beginning of the 17th century, Württemberger winegrowers were brought to the Elbe to cultivate "Württemberger-style" farming methods like the terracing to introduce steep slopes through dry stone walls. Since the wine cultivation was operated to the lowlands of the Elbe and had displaced there food production, Elector Johann Georg III issued. (1647-1691) in 1684 the ban "Where the plow can go, no vine shall stand". The Saxon royal house had vineyards in Pillnitz and Wachwitz, whereupon the Royal vineyard suggesting. In the middle of the 19th century, there were nearly 1,700 hectares of vines, but a majority through mildew and phylloxera destroyed.

All vineyards are north of the 51st parallel. On the border to Poland is the easternmost German vineyard. Since 2006, some vineyards count in the state Brandenburg with the four communities Burkersdorf, Luckau, Neuzelle and Schenkendöbern to the growing region of Saxony. The often terraced Vineyards stretch for 50 kilometers on the slopes of the Elbe and its tributaries. The Saxon Wine Route leads from Seußlitz in the north along the Elbe to Pirna just before the border Czech Republic, The soils consist mainly of slate with sandstone, clay, clay and loess. There is a continental climate with hot, dry summers and occasionally harsh winters with late frosts.

Map of the growing region Saxony

Saxony consists of two areas, four major locations and 23 individual locations. The area Meissen is divided into the large vineyards Schlossweinberg, Spaargebirge, Lössnitz and Elbe slopes, the area Elstertal with the three communities Jessen, Kleindröben and Schlieben has no large location. The Brandenburg areas are single-layer-free. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

Well-known producers are Hoflößnitz. Judge Vincenz. Castle Proschwitz. Castle Wackerbarth. Shoe Walter and Zimmerling, The share of red varieties has increased in line with the national trend in the last ten years from 13% to 19%. Many new breeds are being tested. As a special feature here is the Goldriesling (1) cultivated. The grape variety level 2009 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
2009
% -
Ant
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling Sylvaner White 82 17.8
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 66 14.3
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 56 12.2
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 44 9.5
Pinot Noir
included Samtrot
Pinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir red 38 8.2
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 28 6.1
Kerner - White 26 5.6
Dornfelder - red 23 5.0
Goldriesling (1) Gelbriesling, Goldmuskat White 21 4.6
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 18 3.9
Bacchus - White 10 2.2
regent - red 9 2.0
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger White 8th 1.7
Solaris - White 7 1.5
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 6 1.3
White Gassedel Chasselas, Gutedel White 4 0.9
Domina - red 3 0.7
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 3 0.7
Kernling - White 2 0.4
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 2 0.4
dark fields - red 1 0.2
Johanniter - White 1 0.2
Morio Muscat Morio White 1 0.2
Pearl of Zala Zala Gyöngye White 1 0.2
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 1 0.2
Acolon - red 0 -
André - red 0 -
Cabernet Cortis - red 0 -
Cabernet Dorsa - red 0 -
Cabernet Franc - red 0 -
Cabernet Mitos - red 0 -
Dakapo - red 0 -
hibernal - White 0 -
Huxelrebe - White 0 -
chancellor - White 0 -
Limberger / Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger red 0 -
Merzling - White 0 -
Orion - White 0 -
Phoenix - White 0 -
Rieslaner - White 0 -
Siegerrebe - White 0 -
Sylvaner Green Silvaner, Sylvaner White 0 -
Sirius - White 0 -
Saint Laurent St. Laurent red 0 -
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, schiava red 0 -
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 0 -
otherwise. white varieties - White 0 -
otherwise red varieties - red 0 -
WHITE VARIETIES 374 81.1
RED VARIETIES 87 18.9
TOTAL 461 100

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