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Scharlachberg (single layer Germany)

There are two single layers with this designation in Germany that got its name after the containing iron oxide and thereby red colored soil type have received:

Bingen-Büdesheim - Rheinhessen (Bingen)

The single location is located in the south-western part of the Binger Rochusberg. It will be west of the Near, north of the locations Schlossberg-Schwätzerchen and rose Garden, as well as bounded to the east of the location Bubenstück. The first written mention under "Scarlachen" dates back to 1248, when the monastery Eberbach the situation acquired by a barter. In 1848 Scharlachberg was one of the highest classified locations in Germany. The wine-growing pioneer Johann Philipp Bronner (1792-1864) wrote in 1834 published book "Viticulture in the province of Rheinhessen, in the Nahethal and Moselthal" in superlatives about the local wine. A part of the scarlet mountain became after Land Consolidation to the nature reserve. In 1898, the cognac distillery was opened in Bingen Scharlachberg GmbH founded to benefit from the name.

Scharlachberg - single location (on the right) and Bingen-Büdesheim (center)

The south-facing vineyards in 110 to 200 meters above sea level with 5 to 60% slope cover 25 hectares of vineyards. The soils consist of quartzite and slate weathering rocks with in the upper class Eisenoxydanteil, which led to the eponymous irregular red color of the situation. The water seeps away quickly and is hardly stored. The vines therefore need to be on the lookout for water and nutrients deep roots; on water stress is rare. The quarzite, which consists of 99% silicon oxide, can store the heat extremely well. The wind blowing steadily through the valley has a positive effect, as it makes the vineyard already in the full morning sun when in the Rhine Valley still hazy fog lie.

Scharlachberg

By a decree of the Mainz Stephansstiftes from the year 1697 the winegrowers were obligated, exclusively the noble sort Riesling to cultivate, because the reputation of the wines has decreased. Failure to comply was clearing threatened: "If in the future bad sticks would be put on, then they should go out again because of highness and the transgressor with properly tightening be occupied". Even today, this variety is still mainly Sylvaner cultured. Shares in the situation have for example the wineries Bischel Hartmut. Hemmes Frank. Kruger-Rumpf. Prince Salm and Riffel,

Thungersheim - Franconia (Maindreieck)

The single location is southeast of the district Staustufe-Thüngersheim. A forest belt located above the vineyards protects against cold eastern winds. The 135 hectares of vineyards at 200 to 330 meters above sea level, facing west-northwest to south-east, have 5 to more than 60% slope Tilt on limestone soils (Wellenkalk). In 1989, a nearly four kilometer wine trail was opened. On a total of 16 plates are cultivated here varieties presented. Among other things, the varieties Sylvaner. Müller-Thurgau. Riesling and Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ). Shares in the situation have for example the wineries Bickel-Stumpf. Bürgerspital. Hart private winery. Reiss Christian. Schwab Thomas and State Hofkeller Würzburg,

Picture above: By Fritz Geller-Grimm - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Picture below: Weingut Riffel, Nils Weiler

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