Italian name or component of grape variety names for mainly red grape varieties in northern Italy. The term Schiava is derived from the Latin “sclavus” or the Italian “schiavo”, which means “slave”. The German names are Trollinge r (also Urban) in Germany and Vernatsch in South Tyrol. Vernatsch is derived from the Latin “vernaculus” for “indigenous” or autochthonous from. There are several types of Vernatsch or Schiava ( Clones ), the name Schiava also becomes independent for other people varieties used. They differ in different berry size, berry color, flower Color (Schiava Grigia), Grape shape and Maturity date, from which there is also a distinction in Grossa, Gentile, Grigia and Lombarda. The most common variety in Kaltern and Tramin is the Vernatsch clone 59 (personal information from the winegrower and wine author Werner Morandell, Lieselehof / Kaltern; as well as from the winegrower Bernhard Pichler, Messnerhof / Bozen - both South Tyrol).
That for the also independent variety Rossara Trentina Common synonym "slept" is probably also derived from "slave". Vernatsch / Schiava is also called Rossola in Veneto; but it must not be with the variety Rossola Nera be confused. It is not clear which of the varieties grown in South Tyrol as a "clone / variety" and which are actually to be regarded as "independent". To do this, one would have to genetically examine all the Vernatsch / Schiava vines in the vineyards.
In the first half of the 18th century, Schiava or Vernatsch was brought to Baden-Württemberg and the Rhine. Today she is mainly in Wuerttemberg and to bathe, but also grown in small quantities in other growing areas under the Blue Trollinger (Trollinger). The name (also "T (i) yrolinger") is a descent from "Tirolinger" and refers to the origin the vine South-Tirol, The main name should actually be the German "Vernatsch", although "Schiava" is used in Italy. Because the largest acreage is clearly in German-speaking South Tyrol. The main varieties are:
In 2010, a total of 517 hectares of vineyards were planted under the name Schiava Italy expelled; most of them in Foggia in the region Apulia (260 ha) and in Trentino, the southern part of Trentino-Alto Adige (200 ha). It is unclear which variety it is. For the varieties Schiava Gentile. Schiava Grigia and Schiava Grossa stocks were also shown (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)