Italian name or component of grape variety names for mainly red grape varieties in northern Italy. The term Schiava derives from the Latin "sclavus" or the Italian "schiavo", which means "slave". The German names are Trollinge r (also Urban) in Germany and Vernatsch in South Tyrol. Vernatsch is derived from the Latin "vernaculus" for "native" or autochthonous from. There are several varieties of Vernatsch or Schiava ( Clones ), but the name Schiava becomes synonymous for others varieties used. They differ by different berry size, berry color, flower Color (Schiava Grigia), Grape shape and Maturity date, from which also the distinction in Grossa, Gentile, Grigia and Lombarda results. The most common variety in Kaltern and Tramin is the Vernatsch clone 59 (personal information from the winegrower and wine author Werner Morandell, Lieselehof / Kaltern; as well as from the winemaker Bernhard Pichler, Messnerhof / Bolzano - both South Tyrol).
That for the likewise independent variety Rossara Trentina common synonym "slumbered" is probably also derived from "slave". Vernatsch / Schiava is also called Rossola in Veneto; but she is not allowed with the variety Rossola Nera be confused. Which of the varieties cultivated in South Tyrol are now to be regarded as "clone / variety" and which actually as "independent", is not clear. For this one would have to genetically examine all the Vernatsch / Schiava vines in the vineyards.
In the first half of the 18th century Schiava or Vernatsch was brought to Baden-Württemberg and to the Rhine. Today she is mostly in Wuerttemberg and to bathe but also cultivated in small quantities in other growing areas under Blauer Trollinger (Trollinger). The name (also "T (i) yrolinger") is a corruption of "Tirolinger" and refers to the ancestry the vine out South-Tirol, The main name should actually be the German "Vernatsch", although in Italy "Schiava" is common. Because the largest cultivated areas are clearly in German-speaking South Tyrol. The most important varieties are:
In 2010, under the name Schiava, a total of 517 hectares of vineyards in Italy expelled; most of them in Foggia in the region Apulia (260 ha) and in Trentino, the southern part of Trentino-Alto Adige (200 ha). It is unclear which variety it is. For the varieties Schiava Gentile. Schiava Grigia and Schiava Grossa Stocks were also reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)