The red grape variety comes from Italy (South Tyrol). The most important of the over 160 Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country (other major names in bold) Black Hamburg , Black Hamburgh, Pope Hamburgh, Prince Albert, Victoria, Victoria Hamburgh ( England ); Admiral, Egyptian, Blue Trollinger, Bocksauge, Bocksbeutelrebe, Roach, Frankenthaler, Hammelshoden, Hammelsschelle, Hammelssohlen, Hudler, Huttler, Kreuzertraube, Mohrendutte, Schwarzblauer Trollinger, Trollinger , Tinkerweaver ( Germany ); Bresciana, Bressana, Schiavone, Uva Meranese, Uva Nera d'Amburgo ( Italy ); Edelvernatsch, Großvernatsch, Meraner Kurtraube, Tschaggele, Vernatsch ( South-Tirol ).
The variety is the most important member of the heterogeneous name group schiava, With the variety Schiava Gentile exists one Parent-offspring relationship, It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Piccola Nera. Schiava Grigia or Schiava Lombarda be confused. The variety has many direct descendants:
The medium (as Schiava Grossa in Italy) and late (as Trollinger in Germany) ripening vine is prone to both mildews and Botrytis, but extremely resistant to frost, It produces fruity red wines with soft tannins, as well as almonds and violets, similar to those from the other Schiava varieties. As Brussels grape, Meraner Kurtraube or Black Hamburg she is also called table grape produced. The variety is in Italy in the region Trentino-Alto Adige and under the name Bressana in the Lombardy grown. It is approved there in numerous DOC wines together with other Schiava varieties. The Italian acreage in 2010 was 580 hectares with a strong downward trend (in 2000 there were 1,259 hectares).
In Germany she is a Trollinger for a long time almost exclusively in the growing area Wuerttemberg (98%). As already known since the 14th century "house grape" she delivers there the typical "quarter wine" of the Swabians and is also often as light gekeltelterter Weißherbst produced. According to a report of the papal legate Alexander Martin strengthened Luther (1483-1546) before his departure from the Diet at Worms allegedly with this wine, where in 1521 he refused the papal request to revoke his writings. Smaller stocks are also available in England and Japan, The acreage in Germany is 2,431 hectares. In 2010, a total of 3,411 hectares of vineyards were reported (Kym Anderson ).
A Schiava Grossa vine (called Black Hamburg) is one of the worldwide oldest grapevines (see there in detail). She regularly delivers one a year earnings, Already in 1769 by the landscape gardener Lancelot Brown (1716-1783) under the rule of the English King George III. (1738-1820) planted vine is in the garden of the Tudor Palace "Hampton Court Palace" near London. The approximately 250-year-old vine is cultivated under glass and bears fruit as mentioned. The circumference of the trunk is four meters; the longest shoot is 36.5 meters. The average annual harvest is around 250 kg of grapes.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)