The red grape variety comes from Italy (South Tyrol). The most important of the over 160 Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country (other main names in bold) Black Hamburg , Black Hamburgh, Pope Hamburgh, Prince Albert, Victoria, Victoria Hamburgh ( England ); Admiral, Egyptian, blue trollinger, goat eye, goat bag vine, roof grape, Frankenthaler, mutton testicle, mutton clamp, mutton soles, Hudler, Huttler, Kreuzertraube, Mohrendutte, Schwarzblauer Trollinger, Trollinger , Shagger ( Germany ); Bresciana, Bressana, Schiavone, Uva Meranese, Uva Nera d'Amburgo ( Italy ); Edelvernatsch, Großvernatsch, Meraner Kurtraube, Tschaggele, Vernatsch ( South-Tirol ).
The variety is the most important member of the heterogeneous name group schiava, With the variety Schiava Gentile there is one Parent-offspring relationship, Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Piccola Nera. Schiava Grigia or Schiava Lombarda be confused. The variety has many direct offspring:
The medium (as Schiava Grossa in Italy) or late (as Trollinger in Germany) ripening is susceptible to both mildews and Botrytis, but extremely resistant to frost, It produces fruity red wines with soft tannins, as well as aromas of almonds and violets, which are similar to those from the other Schiava varieties. As Brussels grape, Meraner Kurtraube or Black Hamburg it is also called table grape produced. The variety is grown in Italy in the region Trentino-Alto Adige and under the name Bressana in the Lombardy grown. There it is approved in numerous DOC wines together with other Schiava varieties. The Italian acreage in 2010 was 580 hectares with a steep downward trend (in 2000 there were still 1,259 hectares).
In Germany As a Trollinger, she has been almost exclusively in the growing region for a long time Wuerttemberg (98%) widespread. As a “house grape” that has been known since the 14th century, it delivers the typical “quarter wine” of the Swabians there and is also often used as a light wine Weißherbst produced. After a report from the papal legate Alexander, Martin strengthened himself Luther (1483-1546) allegedly with this wine before his departure from the Reichstag in Worms, where in 1521 he refused the papal request to revoke his writings. There are also smaller stocks in England and Japan, The area under cultivation in Germany is 2,431 hectares. In 2010, a total of 3,411 hectares of vineyards were reported (Kym Anderson ).
A Schiava Grossa vine (under the name Black Hamburg) is one of the worldwide oldest vines (see there in detail). It regularly delivers one annually earnings, Already in 1769 by the landscape gardener Lancelot Brown (1716-1783) under the rule of the English King George III. (1738-1820) planted vine is in the garden of the Tudor Palace "Hampton Court Palace" near London. The vine, which is around 250 years old, is cultivated under glass and, as mentioned, still bears fruit. The circumference of the trunk is four meters; the longest shoot is 36.5 meters. The average annual harvest is around 250 kg of grapes.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)