The German playwright Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805) was in in Marbach am Neckar Wuerttemberg born. Many of his ancestors were winemakers. His father Johann K. Schiller (1723-1796), as head of the court gardens and nurseries of Duke Carl Eugen von Württemberg (1728-1793), published a book on viticulture in 1767. His mother Elisabeth D. Schiller was the daughter of an innkeeper. With this in mind, he wrote the album verse "The name Wirtemberg, written by the landlord on the mountain. A Wirtemberger without wine, can he be a Wirtemberger? ” In 1773, on ducal orders and against the will of his parents, Schiller had to enter the Karlsschule military academy (Stuttgart).
In this institution he was prescribed wine or wine consumption, so to speak, based on the school regulations. Duke Carl Eugen, as a major sponsor of viticulture, had ordered that pupils receive up to half a liter of wine a day at mealtimes, depending on their age. According to the advice of the doctors, "wine enjoyment in hot weather is good for young people" . In a letter dated August 29, 1787 to his editor Christian G. Körner (1756-1831), Freirdich Schiller describes a celebration in honor of Johann W. von Goethe (1749-1832): "We ate heartily, and I drank Goethe's health in Rheinwein" .
Goethe remarked to his secretary: "Schiller never drank a lot, he was moderate" . Schiller got his daily needs for wine from the wine dealers Zapf in Jena and Fröhlich in Erfurt, as well as from Goethe (who was a regular customer of these dealers) from Ramann in Erfurt. A letter of thanks to his publisher Johann Friedrich Cotta (1764-1832) shows what a good wine meant to him: “I have a delicate, white wine from Bremen port wine received, for which I thank you, dearest friend, most sincerely. It is a real oil of life that will strengthen the heart and intestines ” . Friedrich Schiller also mentioned various wines in some of his most famous works, such as the Malaga in "Cabal and Love", a Burgundy in "The Robbers" and in the second part of the Walleinstein drama "The Piccolomini" in the following dispute:
Terzky: The wine speaks from him! Don't hear him, I'm asking you.
Isolani: Wine does not invent anything, it just talks it out.
In May 1803 the 13-verse poem "Das Siegesfest" was written. It was intended as a thoughtful social song or table song for an educated group of men. In it Schiller praises the wine: "Drink it up, the drink of the Labe, and forget the great pain. Bacchus gift is wonderful, balm for a torn heart ” . After his death, an inventory was taken in his wine cellar - 61 boutilles were found Malaga, 35 Bourgogner (Burgundy), 22 champagne, 10 whites port wine, 2 Leistenwein (?), 17th Rust (Burgenland, Austria), 6 Oedenburger (Sopron, Hungary), 34 Franconian wines, 4 half Falernian (?), 5 rum and 4th muscatel,