The German dramatist Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805) was in Marbach am Neckar in Wuerttemberg born. Many of his ancestors were winemakers. His father Johann K. Schiller (1723-1796) was the director of the court gardens and tree nurseries of Duke Carl Eugen of Württemberg (1728-1793) 1767 a book on viticulture. His mother Elisabeth D. Schiller was the daughter of an innkeeper. In this respect vorbelastet, he wrote the album verse "The name Wirtemberg, is written by the landlord on the mountain. A Wirtemberger without wine, who can be a Wirtemberger? " At ducal command and against the will of his parents Schiller had to enter the Military Academy Karlsschule (Stuttgart) in 1773.
Due to the school regulations, wine or wine consumption was, as it were, ordered in this institute. Duke Carl Eugen, as a great advocate of viticulture, ordered that the pupils, graduated at meals, receive up to half a liter of wine a day, according to their age. On the advice of doctors "enjoyment of wine in hot weather is good for young people" . In a letter dated August 29, 1787, to his editor Christian G. Körner (1756-1831), Freirdich Schiller describes Johann W von von in a celebration in honor of himself Goethe (1749-1832): "We ate heartily and Goethe's health was drunk in Rheinwein" .
Goethe remarked to his secretary: "Schiller never drank much, he was moderate . " Schiller referred to his daily needs for wine from the wine dealers Zapf in Jena and Fröhlich in Erfurt, as well as Goethe (who was a regular customer of these dealers) from Ramann in Erfurt. A letter of thanks to his publisher Johann Friedrich Cotta (1764-1832) proves what a good wine meant to him: "I have a delicate white wine from Bremen port wine for which I thank you most cordially, most faithfully. It is a true life oil that will strengthen the heart and intestines " . Friedrich Schiller has also mentioned various wines in some of his most famous works, such as the Malaga in "Kabale und Liebe", a Burgundy in "Die Räuber" and in the second part of the Walleinstein drama "The Piccolomini" in the following dispute:
Terzky: The wine speaks from it! Do not listen to him, I ask you.
Isolani: The wine does not invent anything, it just chatters it out.
In May 1803, the 13-strophige poem "The Victory Festival" was written. It was intended as a thoughtful sociable song or table song for an educated men's round. In it Schiller praises the wine: "Drink it, the drink of the Labe, And forget the great pain. Bacchus Gift is wonderful, balm for the broken heart " . After his death, an inventory was made in his cellar - found: 61 Bouteillen Malaga, 35 Bourgogner (Burgundy), 22 champagne, 10 whites port wine, 2 Leistenwein (?), 17 Rust (Burgenland, Austria), 6 Oedenburger (Sopron, Hungary), 34 Swiss Franks, 4 half Falernian (?), 5 rum and 4 muscatel,