The red grape variety comes from the border area Italy (Gorizia) - Slovenia (Goricia). Originally, the red wine made from it was so called (scoppiettare = crackle - possibly because of the peppery taste). Synonyms are Pocalza, Poçalza, Pokalca, Pokalza, Ribolla Nera and Scoppiettino. According to the year 2011 DNA analysis it is not a color mutation of the sort Ribolla Gialla, The parentage of the variety is unknown. The medium to late ripening vine is prone to millerandage and wrong mildew, It recreates dark-colored, tannic red wines with aromas pepper, Violets and wild fruits.
According to a legend, the variety was mentioned under name Ribolla Nera allegedly already in 1282 on the occasion of a wedding celebration at the castle Albana. In said document, however, no grape varieties are mentioned. In connection with the Phylloxera disaster At the end of the 19th century, the stock decreased extremely. The almost extinct variety was in the municipality of Prepotto in Friuli ( Friuli-Venezia Giulia ) reactivated by Mayor Paolo Rapuzzi in the 1970s. From the year 1987 she was in the DOC red wines of Colli Orientali del Friuli and Friuli Isonzo authorized. In 2010, after all, again 154 hectares of vineyards were reported. Over the near border in Slovenia There are only small stocks under the name Pokalca. In small quantities, the variety is also in California (Sonoma County) and in Australia grown.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service