The red grape comes from the border area Italy (Gorizia) - Slovenia (Goricia). Originally the red wine made from it was so called (scoppiettare = crackle - possibly because of the peppery taste). Synonyms are Pocalza, Poçalza, Pokalca, Pokalza, Ribolla Nera and Scoppiettino. According to in 2011 DNA analysis it is not a color mutation of the variety Ribolla Gialla, However, the parentage of the variety is unknown. The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to millerandage and wrong mildew, It produces dark-colored, tannic red wines with aromas pepper, Violets and wild fruits.
According to legend, the variety was allegedly mentioned under the name Ribolla Nera as early as 1282 on the occasion of a wedding ceremony at Albana Castle. However, no grape varieties are mentioned in the said document. In connection with the Phylloxera disaster At the end of the 19th century, the population declined extremely. The almost extinct variety was grown in the Prepotto municipality in Friuli ( Friuli-Venezia Giulia ) reactivated by Mayor Paolo Rapuzzi in the 1970s. From 1987 she was in the DOC red wines from Colli Orientali del Friuli and Friuli Isonzo authorized. In 2010, 154 hectares of vineyards were identified. Over the near border in Slovenia there are only small stocks under the name Pokalca. In small quantities, the variety is also in California (Sonoma County) and in Australia grown.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service