The white grape variety is a new breed between Pinot Noir x Pirovano 1 ( Chasselas Rose x Muscat d'Hamburg ), which was released by in 2012 DNA analysis has been confirmed. Synonyms are Geisenheim 15-114, Schönberger and Schönburger Rose. The crossbreeding of the father variety was done by the Italian breeder Alberto Pirovano (1884-1973). The crossing with Pinot Noir was done by the German vine specialist Dr. Heinrich Birk (1898-1973) in 1939 at the research institute Geisenheim (Rheingau). The name is derived from Schönburg Castle in Oberwesel in the growing region middle Rhine from. The variety protection took place in 1979.
The early to medium ripening vine has reddish berries. It is resistant to frost and both mildews, The variety yields one spicy, rather low acid white wine with a subtle nutmeg that something Gewurztraminer similar. It comes in smaller quantities Brazil (1 ha), Germany (20 ha, most of it in Rheinhessen ) England (45 ha), Canada (11 ha) and South Africa grown. In 2010, a total of 69 hectares of vineyards were shown with increasing tendency (ten years earlier, it was 39 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)