The term is of Arabic origin and means "handshake". This refers to the ancient custom of signing a handshake and shared drink contract. According to another version, the origin was the Low German term for "to draw", which as Chopine borrowed in French and then borrowed back. In German-speaking countries, Schoppen is a very old liquid measure with locally very different volumes. Among others, 0.564 l are mentioned for the palatinate, 0.459 l for Wuerttemberg, 0.375 l for to bathe and the Switzerland, as well as for the French Chopine 0.476 l. In South Germany, before the introduction of the metric dimensions, the bottle was the official name for 0.5 l until 1884. Today, a “whole bottle” in the Palatinate means 0.5 liters. In Rheinhessen the volume is 0.4 liters, there is also an as Halwe (Half) designated "half bottle" with 0.2 liters. Special wine glass shapes with the contents of a bottle are Dubbeglas. ribbed and Mainz pole, A bottle is not tied to any particular glass shape.
The original meaning was of importance in the pub business Volume, or a drinking vessel like the one measure (for a liter of beer) to the locally different alcoholic standard drink itself. Depending on the region, half a liter (a quarter liter in Francs) of a certain wine or beer is served when ordering a pint without the Wine or that beer must be mentioned explicitly. Naturally, therefore, a "Schoppenwein" is quite often one open served, mostly simple house wine (Zechwein). But it can also be about better qualities.
The name "Schoppenstecher" is in the city Mainz very popular and describes a wine connoisseur who turns his nose into one in one of the many wine bars after dusk Mainz pole (the wine glass common here for Schoppen wines), sticks in or "sticks in". The last glass to be enjoyed in a restaurant (before you leave or before you “troll”) is called Troll pint designated. In Franconia, wine drinkers are also known as “Schoppenfetzer”. A Schoppensalamander is a ceremonial special form of the practiced in student associations Zutrinkens, Rheinhessenwein eV has been awarding the “Schoppenstecherpreis” for special services to Rheinhessen wine since 1983. See also under frühschoppen. wine vessels and wine glasses, as well as under Customs in viticulture,