The in Wien born Austrian composer Franz Peter Schubert (1797-1828) was of extreme creative power. Although he was only 31 years old, composed about 600 songs, secular and sacred choral music, seven complete and five unfinished symphonies, overtures, stage works, piano music and chamber music. He was a melancholy, but very sociable person, who liked to have a glass of wine with friends in the evening. According to eyewitness accounts, he has quite often exceeded the "reasonable level", but was allegedly never drunk.
His nickname was "Schwammerl", which is derived from the Viennese term " Schwammer " For intoxication derives - the vernümerlich "mushroom" is therefore "a little intoxication". In the period 1919 to 1826, he operated mainly in the inn "Black Cat" in the Annagasse and in the "snail" on St. Peter's Square.
Likewise, he was a frequent visitor to various Winery in the former suburbs Grinzing, Nussdorf and Sievering (today all parts of the 19th district of Vienna). To his favorite wines counted the usual there at that time Mixed-rate wines, but also the Styrian Schilcher, The music critic and composer Anselm Hüttenbrenner (1794-1868), who is a friend of his, mentions in his memoirs that Schubert, after having enjoyed a number of bouteilles, calls himself "Sexarder" ( Kadarka wine from the Hungarian Szekszárd) sat down in the circle of friends and composed the well-known song "The Trout". So maybe alcohol was a stimulant.