The white grape variety is a new breed between Riesling x Bukettrebe. Synonyms are Alzey S. 88, Dr. Wagnerrebe, Scheu 88, S-88, Scheu Riesling and as second main name (in Austria) Sämling 88. It was created in 1916 by the German breeder Justus Georg Scheu (1879-1949) at the Landesanstalt für Rebenzüchtung in Alzey (Rheinhessen). The bouquet vine was not identified until DNA analyses carried out in 2012, in which the silvaner indicated as the father variety was found to be false. Experts can also be wrong. In 1935, Scheu had claimed in a lecture that the bouquet grapevine had not proved to be a suitable crossing partner.
Already during his lifetime, people wanted to give this variety the name "Scheu's darling", but the breeder refused to do so. He called it Sämling 88 (S-88). In the 3rd Reich it was then named after the then state farmer leader of Hessen-Nassau Dr. Richard Wagner. After the 2nd World War she was denazified so to speak and was called Sämling 88 again. She received her final name only after the death of Scheu.
Besides the Müller-Thurgau variety, the Scheurebe is one of the most successful new German breeds. This late-maturing, high-yielding vine is susceptible to powdery mildew. It produces golden yellow white wines with fruity acidity and a Riesling like, racy taste with aromas of tropical fruits and blackcurrants. Because of its special aromatic properties, it is called a so-called bouquet variety. It is mainly used for higher Prädikat wines such as Beerenauslese or Trockenbeerenauslese. In 2009, it occupied 1,655 hectares of vineyards in Germany and 398 hectares in Austria. Further stocks are also available in Switzerland (5 ha), as well as overseas in Canada (14 ha) and New Zealand (1 ha). In 2010, a total of 2,039 hectares of vineyard area were declared (statistics Kym Anderson).
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)