The white grape variety comes from the USA, Synonyms include American Muscadine, Big White Grape, Bull, Bullet, Bullet Grape, Green Muscadine, Green Scuppernong, Hickman's Grape, Pedee, Roanoke, White Muscadine, White Scuppernong and Yellow Muscadine. It is a pure female grape and one of the few of the subgenus Muscadinia species Vitis rotundifolia, Next Alexander. Catawba. Concord. Niagara and Norton it is one of the most important historical varieties of the USA. It was one of the first American vines from which North America tried to make wine. Falsely, all Muscadinia vines are often referred to as Scuppernong. Presumably, she comes directly from Wild vines from. The large, spherical berries are white-green to bronze-colored, so that one of a mutation the dark-berried Vitis rotundifolia emanates.
The vines were made by English and German settlers in North Carolina Discovered on the banks of the river Scuppernong in the 1660s, selected and first pressed wine from it. The name is derived from "Ascupernung", which means in the Indian Algonquin language mutatis mutandis "space at the Ascopo grows" (laurel tree). The vine may have been mentioned for the first time much earlier by Italian navigator and explorer Giovanni da Verrazano (1485-1528), when he explored the valley of the Cape Fear River (in central North Carolina) in French service and many "naturally growing Vines " found. But since he does not mention any berry color, it could have been the dark colored wild grape.
It could also have been about these wild vines when, a few decades later, the English colonists Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe (1550-1620) landed here in 1584 on behalf of Sir Walter Raleigh (1554-1618) and on the offshore Roanoke Island. " on the cedars high climbing vines " found. A year later, Governor Ralph Lane (1532-1603), who had meanwhile been appointed there, described "grapes of a size not found in either France, Spain or Italy" . Incidentally, the short-term built Fort had to be abandoned in 1586 due to difficulties with the indigenous population.
Until the beginning of the 19th century, the variety was simply called "Big White Grape" or, after a small island near the coast, "Roanoke", where this vine also grew. Only in 1811 she was mentioned in the newspaper "Southern Planter" as Scuppernong. It quickly became popular and was widely used. The golden yellow wine is characterized by a peculiar taste, which differs significantly from European varieties. The US President Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) described this patriotically as follows in 1817: "Scuppernong wine would stand out on the best plates in Europe with its fine aroma and crystal clearness. Unfortunately, the aroma is completely buried under brandy . " At that time, it was common to sprinkle wine and that before the fermentation so that in this case it was an alcohol-enriched must.
From the middle of the 19th century, the vine was spread in many states on the east coast and also for the production of grape juice and table grapes used. The special wine taste was marketed in the 20th century by Paul Garett under the brand name "Virginia Dare". The name referred to the first English settler born in 1587 on Roanoke Island, the first English settlement in North America. After Virginia's grandfather John White returned in 1590 from the supply of provisions from England, he found no trace of the colonists, and thus also the trace of the small Virginia loses. The place has since been called "The Lost Colony". The 100 settlers have probably found a terrible end by the Indians. During the prohibition (1920-1933), the company produced a "Scuppernong Cider" (grape must) and was the only manufacturer to resume wine production immediately after the end.
The variety Scuppernong was also mentioned several times in American literature. For example, it was portrayed in the story "The Gophered Grapevine" by Charles W. Chesnutt (1858-1932), in the novel "Absalom, Absalom!" By Nobel laureate William Faulkner (1897-1962) and in the bestseller Nelle Harper Lee (* 1926) mentions "To Kill a Mockingbird" (* 1926) and also describes it in a poem by Elinor Wylie (1885-1928): "The winter will be short, the summer long, The autumn amber -hued, sunny and hot, tasting of cider and of scuppernong " . In 2001, the vine finally came to great honor, because it was officially the state fruit of North Carolina, making it one of the landmarks of the state.
According to a legend, all Scuppernong vines are descended from a single mother vine named "The Mother Vine". This vine was first mentioned in the 1720s on the property of a Joseph tree on Roanoke Island near the city of Manteo and is now over 400 years old. A descendant, Solomon Baum (1813-1898) said that even in his childhood, the vine was the largest on the island and they also knew his father and grandfather. The shoots of the plant cover an area of 10 x 35 meters. However, it is not verifiable that this is actually the origin and when it originated. Regardless, of course, many offspring can vegetative propagation have arisen.
The vine is particularly resistant to Pierce Disease, She brings dark golden, full-bodied white wines varietal Taste, which are often sweet. According to analyzes, they contain an unusually high proportion of antioxidants (radical scavengers) and thus have a positive, health Effect. The variety was crossing partner in the new breeds Carlos and Magnolia, Scuppernong is grown today in the southeast and in the Gulf States only in small quantities. It has been replaced by better quality varieties, is no longer officially recommended for cultivation and has only a historical significance. A few winemakers in Alabama, Georgia and North Carolina but still produce varietal wines. In 2010, however, no inventory was reported. See also below American vines,