The white variety comes from the United States, Synonyms are American Muscadine, Big White Grape, Bull, Bullace, Bullet, Bullet Grape, Green Muscadine, Green Scuppernong, Hickman's Grape, Pedee, Roanoke, White Muscadine, White Scuppernong and Yellow Muscadine. It is a pure female grape and one of the few of the subgenus Muscadinia species Vitis rotundifolia, Next Alexander. Catawba. Concord. Niagara and Norton it is one of the most important historical varieties in the USA. It was one of the first American vines to try to make wine in North America. Often all Muscadinia vines are called Scuppernong. It probably comes directly from Wild vines from. The large, spherical berries are white-green to bronze-colored, so that one of them mutation the dark berry vitis rotundifolia runs out.
The vines were used by English and German settlers in North Carolina Discovered on the banks of the Scuppernong River in the 1660s, selected and made wine from it for the first time. The name is derived from "Ascupernung", which means "place on the Ascopo grows" (laurel tree) in the Indian Algonquin language. The vine may have been mentioned much earlier by the Italian navigator and explorer Giovanni da Verrazano (1485-1528) when he was exploring the Cape Fear River valley (in central North Carolina) in French service and many "naturally growing" Vines ” . However, since he does not mention any berry color, it could have been the dark-colored wild vine.
These wild grapes could also have been involved when a few decades later the English colonists Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe (1550-1620) landed here in 1584 on behalf of Sir Walter Raleigh (1554-1618) and landed on the coastal Roanoke Island " vines climbing on the cedars ” . A year later, Governor Ralph Lane (1532-1603), who had since been appointed there, described "grapes of a size not known in France, Spain or Italy" . Incidentally, the short-term fort had to be abandoned in 1586 due to difficulties with the indigenous population.
Until the beginning of the 19th century, the variety was simply called "Big White Grape" or "Roanoke" after a small island near the coast, where this vine also grew. It wasn't until 1811 that she was mentioned in the Southern Planter newspaper as Scuppernong. It quickly became popular and became widespread. The golden yellow wine is characterized by a peculiar taste that differs significantly from European varieties. The US President Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) described it patriotically in 1817 as follows: “Scuppernong wine would be distinguished on the best tables in Europe by its fine aroma and its crystal clarity. Unfortunately, the aroma is completely buried under brandy ” . At that time it was common to sprit wine and even before the fermentation, so in this case it was an alcohol-enriched must.
From the middle of the 19th century, the vine was spread in many states on the east coast and also for the production of grape juice and table grapes used. The special wine taste was marketed by the Paul Garett company under the brand name "Virginia Dare" in the 20th century. The name referred to the first child of English settlers born in 1587 on Roanoke Island, the first English settlement in North America. After Virginia's grandfather John White returned from supplying food in England in 1590, he found no trace of the colonists, and the trace of little Virginia is also lost. The place has since been called "The Lost Colony". The 100 settlers have probably come to a terrible end through the Indians. During the prohibition (1920-1933) the company produced a "Scuppernong Cider" (grape must) and after the end was the only manufacturer to immediately resume wine production.
The Scuppernong variety was also mentioned several times in American literature. For example, she was portrayed in the story "The Goophered Grapevine" by Charles W. Chesnutt (1858-1932), in the novel "Absalom, Absalom!" By Nobel Prize winner William Faulkner (1897-1962) and in the bestseller "To Kill a Mockingbird" (Who disturbs the nightingale) by Nelle Harper Lee (* 1926) and also described in a poem by Elinor Wylie (1885-1928): "The winter will be short, the summer long, The autumn amber -hued, sunny and hot, tasting of cider and of scuppernong " . In 2001, the vine finally came to great honor because it officially became the state fruit of North Carolina and is therefore one of the landmarks of the state.
According to legend, all Scuppernong vines are descended from a single mother vine called "The Mother Vine". This vine was first mentioned in the 1720s on the property of a Joseph Baum on Roanoke Island near the city of Manteo and is now said to be over 400 years old. A descendant, Solomon Baum (1813-1898), said that the vine was the largest on the island as a child and that his father and grandfather had known it. The shoots of the plant cover an area of 10 x 35 meters. However, it is not verifiable whether this is actually the original variety and when it was created. Regardless of this, many offspring can of course vegetative propagation have arisen.
The vine is particularly resistant to Pierce Disease, She produces dark golden, full-bodied white wines varietal Flavors that are often sweet. According to analyzes, they contain an unusually high proportion of antioxidants (radical scavengers) and thus have a positive, health Effect. The variety was a cross partner in the new varieties Carlos and Magnolia, Scuppernong is now only cultivated in small quantities in the southeast and in the Gulf States. It has been replaced by better quality varieties, is no longer officially recommended for cultivation and is only of historical importance. A few winemakers in Alabama, Georgia and North Carolina but still produce varietal wines. In 2010, however, no inventory was reported. See also under American vines,