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The largest wine encyclopedia in the world

22.663 Keywords • 48.646 Synonyms • 5.293 Translations • 7.913 Pronunciations • 149.399 Cross-references

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seedless

seedless (GB)
Usually own Wine grapes to five (rarely six) cores. Coreless or low-kernel berries are an important quality criterion table grapes That's why varieties are bred with this property. Entirely seedless berries are a whim of nature due to various environmental conditions. The phenomenon occurs mainly as a consequence of parthenocarpy (Virginity), that is, fruit development without prior fertilization. Strictly speaking, these grapes have not only seedless, but low-kernel berries. These are also not perceived because of their softness when eating. The number, size and condition are not only hereditary, but also dependent on temperature or hormone production during berry growth.

In commercial grape cultivation, quality-enhancing effects in addition to an optimal climate are additionally achieved through special fertilizer, irrigation and growth-regulating measures. To reach larger berries, be gibberellins (Hormones) used. Without these measures, the grapes show defects such as bad ones blossom, small berries, late grape ripeness, a neutral bland taste, poor wood maturity, weak fungal tolerance and mushy berry meat on. Since increased use of fertilizer from the mid-20th century, the proportion of berries with kernels increased, which was further enhanced by the use of gibberellins. See also below grapevine,

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