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Seibel Collective name for a large number of French hybrids that were crossed between European and American varieties. They were created by the French breeder Albert Seibel (1844-1936), in the southern French community of Saint-Julien-en-Saint-Alban (department Ardèche ) created where today a street is named after him in honor. He was one of the first in France to do so on a large scale new varieties produced in the truest sense of the word. This was done before phylloxera that reached France in the mid-19th century. When it was only after a long time that the cause of Weingarten's dying was recognized, crosses between American and European varieties were one of the many (unsuccessful) attempts to master the catastrophe.

Breeding goals were also those resistance against mushrooms. frost and an earlier maturity. The Seibel varieties were named after their breeder with a serial number - later they were often given descriptive names. The American wine pioneer Philip wagner (1904-1996) from the U.S. state Maryland From the 1940s, he was largely responsible for the fact that many Seibel varieties spread across the entire east coast of North America. In the middle of the 20th century, there were still an incredible 70,000 hectares of Seibel varieties in France; today they have practically disappeared there. But smaller stocks still exist, mostly in North America on the state's east coast new York (Finger Lakes) as well as in Canada (Ontario).

American hybrids from the US breeder Hermann were used for many Seibel varieties Hunter (1844-1895) used, especially Jaeger 70 ( Munson ). In the breeding lists they appear with the numbers from 1 to 19975. Not all positions are filled, but there are several thousand. Sounding names got later Aramon du Gard (P. 2007), Aurore (P. 5279), Bellandais (P. 14596), Cascade (P. 13053), Chancellor (P. 7053), chelois (P. 10878), Colobel (P. 8357), De Chaunac (P. 9549), Flot d'Or (P. 2653), Flot Rouge (P. 1020), Gloire de Seibel (P. 5409), Plantet (P. 5455), Rayon d'Or (P. 4986), Roi des Noirs (P. 4346), rosette (P. 1000), Rougeon (P. 5898), Rubilande (P. 11803), Salvador Noire (P. 128), Soleil Blanc (P. 10868), Subereux (P. 6905), Verdelet (P. 9110) and vivarais (P. 2003).

Many belong to the so-called first generation of French hybrids, which were then used for further crossings of the second and third generations. These include, among others Seyval Blanc (SV 5276), Villard Blanc (SV 12-375) and Villard Noir (SV 18-315) from the famous vineyard Seyve Villard, Seibelreben were also used for over 30 new varieties of the Landot varieties used. The two French Jean François Ravat and Jean-Louis Vidal, as well as the American Elmer Swenson also used some Seibel vines.

Image: By Anonymus - Portraits d'Ardéchois célèbres sur, CC BY-SA 4.0 , Link

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