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Seibel Collective term for a variety of French hybrids which were crossed between European and American varieties. They were by the French breeder Albert Seibel (1844-1936), in the southern French community of Saint-Julien-en-Saint-Alban (Département Ardèche ), where an honorific street is named after him today. He was one of the first in France, on a large scale new varieties produced in the truest sense of the word. This was done before the phylloxera, which reached France in the middle of the 19th century. Only after a long time, when the cause of the dying of the vineyard was recognized, were intersections of American and European varieties one of the many (unsuccessful) attempts to master the catastrophe.

Breeding goals were also the resistance against mushrooms. frost and an earlier maturity. The Seibel varieties were named after their breeder with a serial number - later they were often given synonymous names. The American viticulture pioneer Philip wagner (1904-1996) from the US state Maryland From the 1940s, it was largely responsible for the fact that many Seibel varieties spread throughout the east coast of North America. In the middle of the 20th century, there were still an incredible 70,000 hectares of Seibel varieties in France, but today they have almost disappeared there. But there are still smaller stocks, mainly in North America on the East Coast in the state new York (Finger Lakes) as well as in Canada (Ontario).

For many Seibel varieties were American hybrids of the US breeder Hermann Hunter (1844-1895), especially Jaeger 70 ( Munson ). In the breeding lists they appear with the numbers from 1 to 19975 on. Although not all positions are filled, but there are several thousand. Sounding names got later Aramon du Gard (P. 2007), Aurore (P. 5279), Bellandais (P. 14596), Cascade (P. 13053), Chancellor (P. 7053), chelois (P. 10878), Colobel (P. 8357), De Chaunac (P. 9549), Flot d'Or (P. 2653), Flot Rouge (P. 1020), Gloire de Seibel (S. 5409), Plantet (P. 5455), Rayon d'Or (P. 4986), Roi of Noir (P. 4346), rosette (P. 1000), Rougeon (P. 5898), Rubilande (P. 11803), Salvador Noire (P. 128), Soleil Blanc (P. 10868), Subereux (P. 6905), Verdelet (S. 9110) and vivarais (P. 2003).

Many belong to the so-called first generation of French hybrids, which were then used for further crossings of the second and third generation. These include, among others Seyval blanc (SV 5276), Villard Blanc (SV 12-375) and Villard Noir (SV 18-315) from the famous vineyard Seyve Villard, Seibelvines have also been used for over 30 new breeds Landot varieties used. The two Frenchmen Jean François Ravat and Jean-Louis Vidal, as well as the American Elmer Swenson also used some Seibel vines.

Image: By Anonymus - Portraits d'Ardéchois célèbres on, CC BY-SA 4.0 , Link

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