Wine law designation for special wine qualities in Germany and Austria, as well as in France - see below Sélection de grains nobles, See also below selection,
In Germany from the year 2001 introduced in all growing areas introduced new quality name. The quality concept is from the DWV (German Viticulture Association), the DWI (Deutsches Weininstitut), the regional wine advertisements and all major national associations. According to former DWI Managing Director Armin Goering, this should be a valuable decision-making aid for buying wine: The term Selection on the label guarantees the wine lover dry wines of typical regional grape varieties of excellent quality . Meant are German premium wines that the dry counterpart noble sweetselect represent. These are the top products of a vineyard of selected vineyards with officially registered plots be. By the respective federal states the typical and classical Rebsorten of the cultivation areas were defined.
In almost all federal states that is above all Riesling, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ) and Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ), but also a number of other varieties. In the prescribed manual harvest, the yield is limited to 60 hl / ha. On enrich of grape must for the purpose of alcohol increase is permissible, the natural alcohol content must be 12.2% vol. Of the Residual sugar content the wines must be below 9 g / l, only at acid-stressed Riesling are possible up to 12 g / l residual sugar. Selection wines must meet the quality specifications "elegance and varietal Flavors "under a separate sensory Prove the test before they go on sale on the 1st of September of the year following the harvest.
In 2018 this provision was abolished. One from the country Rheinland-Pfalz The evaluation made clear that the use of the term Selection no longer has any significant economic significance. Only six producers used the term for wines produced on 3.65 ha While Selection remains a nationally protected term, it is under EU law not a traditional term protected for Germany and therefore may in future be released in Germany (apart from trademark aspects) be used. In contrast, the quality mark "Rheinhessen Selection", which is described in § 7 of the area ordinance Rheinhessen (Landesrecht) finds its legal basis, continues to be well received.
The quality designation Selection may only for one quality wine With Vintage indication be used (for Prädikatswein types this is not allowed). Of the alcohol content must be at least 13% vol. The wine must be made from recommended grape varieties with best recognizable characteristics varietal Peculiarity and origin be generated. at White wine may filing for obtaining the State test number not before March 15, at red wine not before 1 November of the year following the harvest. Incidentally, these provisions also apply to the designations Premium and reserve,
The term Grande Selection (but not Large Selection) is allowed for prolonged aging. The submission to obtain the State test number In the case of white wine, it may not take place before 1 November of the year following the harvest, and in the case of red wine, not before 1 May of the second year following the harvest. Incidentally, these provisions also apply to the name Grande Reserve,