The white grape variety comes from France. There are over 50 Synonyms that testify to old age and wide distribution. The main alphabetically grouped by country are Barnawartha Pinot, Hunter River Riesling ( Australia ); Blanc Doux, Chevrier, Colombier, Gros Sémillon, Mances Blanc, Marcillac, Monsois Blanc, Oron Sémillon, Saint Emilion, Semilion, Semillon Blanc, Semillon Muscat, Semillon Roux, Sercial ( France ); Malaga, Malaga Bianco, Semillon Bianco ( Italy ); Semijon ( Croatia ); Merwah Lebanon ); Boal Branco, Boal no Douro, Semilão ( Portugal ); Greengrape, Wyndruif ( South Africa ); Semillon Fehér ( Hungary ). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Colombard (Colombier) Crouchen. Malvasia Fina. Palomino. Sercial. Spergola. Trebbiano Toscano (Saint-Émilion) be confused.
According to done in 2009 DNA analysis There is a close relationship with the variety Sauvignon Blanc, but none Parent-offspring relationship, The descent (parenthood) of Sémillon is unknown. Although Sémillon Rouge is synonymous with Merlot and Trousseau Noir but there is no relationship with Semillon. According to a hypothesis, in the Lebanon grown Merwah be an ancestor, but this is refuted because of the relationship with Sauvignon Blanc. In South Africa there are the mutationSemillon Rose, Semillon was crossing partner in the five new breeds flora. Komahikari. Koshu Semillon. Noria and Yama Semillon,
The variety was first mentioned in 1736 as "Semilion" or "St Émilion" in Sauternes. Until the end of this century, it was mainly grown here. The name is probably from "Semeljun", a local dialect for Saint-Emilion derived, although there were always only small stocks here. The early to mid-season, high yielding vine is prone to mites. black rot and due to the thin berry skin particularly susceptible to Botrytis (Noble rot), but very resistant to the real and fake mildew, This makes it ideal for noble sweet Wines. It produces acidic white wines with aromas of apples, apricots, honey and lemons. The wines are usually compared to Sauvignon Blanc as a body and acid-rich. Semillon is considered one of the finest grape varieties in the world, the Cépages classy,
In France, it was still the most common grape variety in 1968; however, the stock has shrunk to 11,693 hectares by 2010. She is mainly in Southwest France grown and often blended together with Sauvignon Blanc, with which it ideally complements. In Bordeaux she is mainly on Rive gauche (left bank of the Garonne ). Here it is in the sweet wines of the area Graves (With Cérons and Sauterne ), for example in the most famous French sweet wine Château d'Yquem, Likewise, however, dry wines from her are pressed, as in the field Pessac-Léognan, Further larger stocks exist in the areas Entre-deux-Mers and Bergerac, as well as in the department Dordogne and in the Provence,
There are smaller stocks in Greece. Italy. Portugal. Russia. Switzerland. Spain. Turkey. Hungary and Cyprus, Overseas, Sémillon is in Australia especially in New South Wales, where it occupies 6,112 hectares. In South Africa At the beginning of the 19th century it was so common with more than 90% of the vineyard that it was simply called Wyndruif (grape) or later also Green Grape. But here, too, the stock went down to 1,182 hectares. There are more stocks in Argentina. Brazil. Chile. China. Canada. New Zealand. Uruguay and United States (California, Washington). The variety occupied a total of 22,156 hectares of vineyards in 2010 with a downward trend (ten years earlier, there were 26,230). It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 39.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)