The white grape comes from France. There are over 50 Synonyms that testify to old age and widespread use. The main alphabetically grouped by country are Barnawartha Pinot, Hunter River Riesling ( Australia ); Blanc Doux, Chevrier, Colombier, Gros Sémillon, Mances Blanc, Marcillac, Monsois Blanc, Oron Sémillon, Saint Émilion, Semilion, Sémillon Blanc, Sémillon Muscat, Sémillon Roux, Sercial ( France ); Malaga, Malaga Bianco, Semillon Bianco ( Italy ); Semijon ( Croatia ); Merwah ( Lebanon ); Boal Branco, Boal no Douro, Semilão ( Portugal ); Greengrape, Wyndruif ( South Africa ); Semillon Fehér ( Hungary ). Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Colombard (Colombier) Crouchen. Malvasia Fina. Palomino. Sercial. Spergola. Trebbiano Toscano (Saint-Émilion) can be confused.
According to in 2009 DNA analysis there is a close relationship with the variety Sauvignon Blanc, but none Parent-offspring relationship, The parentage of Sémillon is unknown. Sémillon Rouge is synonymous with Merlot and Trousseau Noir, but there is no relationship with Sémillon. According to a hypothesis, the Lebanon Cultivated Merwah be an ancestor, which is refuted due to the relationship with Sauvignon Blanc. There is one in South Africa mutationSémillon Rose, Sémillon was a crossing partner in the five new varieties flora. Komahikari. Koshu Semillon. Noria and Yama Semillon,
The variety was first mentioned in 1736 as "Semilion" or "St Émilion" in Sauternes. Until the end of this century, it was mainly grown here. The name is probably from "Semeljun", a local dialect for Saint-Emilion derived, although there were always only small stocks here. The early to medium ripening, productive vine is susceptible to mites. black rot and due to the thin berry skin particularly susceptible to Botrytis (Noble rot), but very good resistance to real and false mildew, This makes it ideal for noble sweet Wines. It produces acidic white wines with aromas of apples, apricots, honey and lemons. Compared to Sauvignon Blanc, the wines are generally considered to be rich in body and acid. Sémillon is one of the finest grape varieties in the world, the Cépages nobles,
In France it was still the most common variety in 1968; however, by 2010 the stock had shrunk to 11,693 hectares. It is mainly used in Southwest France grown and often blended together with Sauvignon Blanc, which ideally complements them. In Bordeaux, it is mostly at Rive gauche (left bank of the Garonne ) represented. Here she is in the area's sweet wines Graves (With Cérons and Sauterne ) included, for example in the most famous French sweet wine Château d'Yquem, Likewise, however, dry wines are also pressed from it, such as in the area Pessac-Léognan, There are other larger stocks in the areas Entre-deux-Mers and Bergerac, as well as in the department Dordogne and in the Provence,
There are smaller stocks in Greece. Italy. Portugal. Russia. Switzerland. Spain. Turkey. Hungary and Cyprus, Overseas, Sémillon is in Australia mainly represented in New South Wales, where it occupies 6,112 hectares. In South Africa At the beginning of the 19th century it was so widespread with over 90% of the vineyard area that it was simply called Wyndruif (grape) or later also Green Grape. But here too the stock declined to 1,182 hectares. There are further stocks in Argentina. Brazil. Chile. China. Canada. New Zealand. Uruguay and United States (California, Washington). In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 22,156 hectares of vineyards with a downward trend (ten years earlier there were 26,230). It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 39.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)