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The white grape comes from Portugal, Synonyms are Arintho, Arinto, Arinto dos Acores, Cachorrinho, Cerceal, Cerceal de Jaes, Esaninho, Esgana, Esgana Cão, Esgana de Castelo de Paiva, Esganacao Bianco, Esganinho, Esganiso, Esganosa, Esganoso, Esganoso de Bucelas, Esganoso de Castelo de Paiva, Esganoso de Penafiel, Eskanoza, Espadeiro Loureiro, Etrangle Chien, San Mamede, Sarcial, Serceal, Madeira Serbo, Serere de Madere, Sersial, Uva Cão and Verdelho Branco. The parentage is unknown. The drawing on the right comes from the work "Ampélographie - Traité général de viticulture" by Victor Vermorel and Pierre Viala,

Sercial - grape and drawing from the work

It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Arinto de Bucelas. Cerceal Branco (Serceal) Sémillon (Sercial) Ondenc (formerly grown as Sercial in Australia) or Sercialinho be confused. It is also no mutation the red variety Touriga Franca (Esgana Cão Tinto). According to done in 2007 DNA analysis is genetically closely related to the varieties Alvarelhão. Ramisco and Trincadeira Preta, The hypothesis that the variety comes from the Rhine, or it is a Rieslingklon was refuted thereby. She was crossing partner in the new breed Sercialinho,

The late-ripening vine is resistant to both mildews, It produces extremely acidic, aromatic white wines. On the island Madeira she also gave the name to a variant of this dessert wine. In the Portuguese mainland, it is mainly under the second main name Esgana Cão in the area Bucelas near Lisbon, as well as Rios do Minho and Douro (in white port wine approved). In 2010, she finished in Portugal 106 hectares of vineyards (Kym Anderson ). In France she will be from the winery Mas de Daumas-Gassac in the region Languedoc cultivated on half an acre.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robin son, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Picture left: © Madeira Wine and Dine

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