The white grape variety comes from Portugal, Synonyms are Arintho, Arinto, Arinto dos Açores, Cachorrinho, Cerceal, Cerceal de Jaes, Esaninho, Esgana, Esgana Cão, Esgana de Castelo de Paiva, Esganacão Bianco, Esganinho, Esganiso, Esganosa, Esganoso, Esganoso de Bucelas, Esganoso de Bucelas, Esganoso Paiva, Esganoso de Penafiel, Eskanoza, Espadeiro Loureiro, Etrangle Chien, San Mamede, Sarcial, Serceal, Sercial de Madeira, Sercial de Madere, Sersial, Uva Cão and Verdelho Branco. The parentage is unknown. The drawing on the right comes from Victor's work "Ampélographie - Traité général de viticulture" Vermorel and Pierre Viala,
Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Arinto de Bucelas. Cerceal Branco (Serceal) Sémillon (Sercial) Ondenc (cultivated earlier in Australia than Sercial) or Sercialinho be confused. It is also none mutation of the red variety Touriga Franca (Esgana Cão Tinto). According to in 2007 DNA analysis it is genetically closely related to the varieties Alvarelhão. Ramisco and Trincadeira Preta, The hypothesis that the variety comes from the Rhine, or it is one Rieslingklon was refuted. She was a crossing partner in the new breeding Sercialinho,
The late-ripening vine is resistant to both mildews, It produces extremely acidic, aromatic white wines. On the island Madeira she also gave the name to a variant of this dessert wine. On mainland Portugal it is mainly used under the second main name Esgana Cão in the area Bucelas near Lisbon, as well Rios do Minho and Douro (in white port wine approved) grown. In 2010 she occupied 106 hectares of vines in Portugal (Kym Anderson ). In France it is from the winery Mas de Daumas-Gassac in the region Languedoc cultivated on half a hectare.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robin son, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Left picture: © Madeira Wine and Dine