The white grape variety is an interspecific new breed Seibel 5656 x Seibel 4986 ( Rayon d'Or ). Synonyms are Fresco, Seival, Seyval, Seyve-Villard, Seyve-Villard 5-276 and SV 5-276. With the same parents is also the red variety Seyval Noir emerged. They are genes from Vitis lincecumii. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The hybrid counts alongside Villard Blanc to the most successful varieties of the vine growing business Seyve Villard in Saint-Vallier in the Isère (Rhône Valley). The variety was a cross partner of the new varieties Birstaler nutmeg. Cayuga White. Chardonel. Danube Veltliner. Horizon. La Crosse. Merzling. Melody. Reselle. Souvignier Gris. St. Croix and St. Pepin,
The early to medium-ripening, productive vine is generally disease-resistant, but susceptible to Botrytis, It produces rather neutral tasting, acidic white wines that are well suited for the production of sparkling wines. At the end of the 1950s she occupied in France still more than 1,300 hectares of vines, but this stock has shrunk to 105 hectares mainly due to the EU hybrid ban. There were further stocks in Europe in England (85 ha) Madagascar. Romania (1 ha) and in the Switzerland (8 h). She is in overseas Canada (112 ha), and the United States Indiana. Iowa. California. Michigan. Missouri and new York (a total of 259 ha). In 2010, the global inventory totaled 259 hectares.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)