World leader in testing, testing, verification and certification (Inspection, Verification, Testing and Certification). SGS SA (formerly Société Générale de Surveillance) was founded in 1878. During the First World War, the headquarters were moved from Paris to Geneva (Switzerland) in 1915, where it is still located today. A young Latvian emigrant observed the loading of cargo ships in the port city of Rouen in the north of France, with a few inconsistencies. With the financial help of an Austrian friend he founded a company. Within a year, branches were opened in the three largest French ports, Le Havre, Dunkirk and Marseille. The aim of the first and only long service was to transport by appropriate measures grain without loss by loss or theft to the port of destination. As a new innovative business idea, the "Full Outturn Guarantee" (FOG), which is still valid today, was guaranteed.
After the Second World War (1939-1945) the range of offers was constantly extended and several similar enterprises were taken over. There are ten business fields, that is agriculture; Automotive (automotive sector); Consumer testing (textiles, household appliances, furniture, food, electronics); Environmental (Environmental Impact, Air and Water Quality, Impact climate Change ); Governments and Institutions (statutory regulations); Industrial - Industrial Services Industry to Financial Institutions); Life Science (pharmaceuticals, clinical studies); Minerals (fuels, metals, biofuels, fertilizers, cement, minerals); Oil, Gas and Chemicals (oil and gas deposits); Systems and Services Certification (quality, environmental, occupational safety, social responsibility, safety and business continuity management systems).
The business unit "Inspection" deals with checking and proving the quantity, weight and quality of merchandise. Verification provides evidence that products and services comply with global standards and local regulations. By "testing" the product quality is checked and examined whether health and safety regulations as well as legal regulations are kept. The "Certification" confirms that products, systems or services meet the requirements set by states, regulators or customers. One orientates oneself among other things at the regular gear IFS (International Featured Standards - International Food Standard).
Among other things, the World Bank recommends SGS inspections prior to shipments (PSI) as a means of combating corruption, and especially for countries with low tax revenues and high corruption rates. In 1981, the company went public. Today, it is the world's leading company in this sector with a global network of experts with around 86,000 employees in 1,800 offices and laboratories in around 120 countries worldwide. In the wine sector certification and control of organic farms. Other similar international organizations are ECOCERT and ICEA, All can be different by country than one of the state approved bio (Austria) or Inspection bodies (Germany) act. See topic group also under Organic viticulture,