The arrival of the Dutch doctor Jan van Riebeeck (1619-1677) in the Cape in 1652 and the first planting of vines by him in 1655 was the beginning of viticulture in South Africa, The first governor of the Cape Colony was from 1679 Simon van der Stel (1639-1712), who is also considered a wine pioneer. He was the son of Adriaan van der Stel, an official of the Dutch East India Company. During Stel's reign, French Huguenots, experienced in viticulture in 1688, came to the country and brought their viticulture skills Bordeaux. Burgundy and from the Provence With. They populated the present viticulture districts Paarl and Stellenbosch, With the name Stellenbosch (in about "Stel's bush") Stel called a small island in the Eeste River. Here he founded in 1679 named after him city on the riverbank and in the same year the winery "Delaire" (now known as "Delaire Graff Estate").
Simon van der Stel promoted viticulture and left more than 100,000 Europeans vines plants. He bought a large estate behind Cape Town's Table Mountain, calling it not the usual falsely told story of his wife, but the virtue he cherished Constantia (Perseverance) and built it into a still existing model winery with the legendary in the meantime sweet wine out. By land allocations to settlers van der Stel established many still existing wineries. His son Willem Adrian van der Stel (1664-1723) became his successor as governor. Although he was a tyrant and corrupt, but continued his father's work on viticulture positively. The "Free Burgher Rebellion" in the Cape in 1707 ended his career. He was exiled to Holland in 1708, where he spent the rest of his life in exile.