One after the Italian Friuli Wine-growing experts Marco Simonit and Pierpaolo Sirch named the gentle form of the pruning, which is colloquially referred to as "gentle pruning" or "healthy pruning". The method developed in the 1980s is nothing fundamentally new, but is based on very old experiences and customs that have been adapted to the requirements of modern viticulture. The health of the vine with a significant extension of the life cycle to at least 50 years, i.e. twice the current average age. The philosophy of the high quality of which is already considered obsolete wins old vines back in importance.
According to Simonit and Sirch, the longevity of a vine depends above all on a correct pruning that does not damage the vital parts. The Albarello bush education form typical of the Mediterranean region ( gobelet ) is a special guarantee of longevity, which allows a cut mainly on young wood. However, a cut on old wood leaves a wound from three years of age that damages the plant's vessels. The penetration of wood mushrooms is facilitated and are the cause of wood diseases such as Esca or eutypa dieback, The method is to always use gentle cuts on young wood.
Specifically, this means cutting only one to a maximum of two years of wood and the newly cut wood shoot always at the base of the spigot of the previous year. At the same time, a cone is cut on the opposite side of the trunk head. Cones and cutting rods are therefore connected to those that have already been developed Xylem and are always on the same vegetation cone, which forms a branch-like continuation of the vine trunk with the growth of thickness over the years. In the picture Riesling floor before the cut. The system was cut for the first time in the previous year using the new method; the two new outputs can be seen:
The project of the two has meanwhile been based on a long-term scientific study in vineyards in the five Italian regions Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Lombardy. Piedmont. Sicily and Tuscany expanded. This is supported by Prof. Attilio Scienza, head of the viticulture and enology department at the University of Milan, and Prof. Laura Mugnai from the University of Florence, viticulture and oenology, The two winegrowing pioneers have since received the honorary title "Pruning Guys". See also a list of all systems below training system as well as all activities in the vineyard under Weingarten Care,
Source and Riesling before editing: Dr. Matthias Petgen, DLR Rheinpfalz
Portraits M. Simonit and P. Sirch: Simonit & Sirch
Riesling and Sauvignonasse: Simonit & Sirch