One from the Italian Friuli originating winegrowing professionals Marco Simonit and Pierpaolo Sirch called Gentle Form of pruning, which colloquially also as "gentle pruning" or "healthy pruning" is called. The method developed in the 1980s is not fundamentally new, but is based on very old experiences or customs that have been adapted to the requirements of modern viticulture. In the foreground is the health of the vine with a significant extension of the life cycle to at least 50 years, that is to twice the current average age. Thus, the philosophy of high quality, which in part is already regarded as obsolete, is gaining old vines again important.
According to Simonit and Sirch, the longevity of a vine depends above all on a correct pruning that does not damage the vital parts. The typical Mediterranean Albarello bush form ( gobelet ) is a special guarantee for longevity, which allows a cut mainly on young wood. A cut on old wood, however, leaving a three-year-old wound, which damages the vessels of the plant. The penetration of wood fungi is relieved and are the cause of wood diseases such as Esca or eutypa dieback, The method is to always proceed on young wood with careful cuts.
In concrete terms, this means cutting only one to a maximum of two-year-old wood, and then cutting the newly cut one shoot always at the base of the spigot of the previous year. At the same time a pin is cut on the opposite side of the trunk head. Spigots and cut rods thus have a connection to already developed Xylem and are always on the same vegetation cone, which forms over the years with the growth in thickness, a branch-shaped continuation of the vine trunk. The picture becomes one Riesling floor shown before the cut. The plant was first cut in the previous year using the new method; The two new exits are recognizable (source and image rights: Dr. Matthias Petgen, DLR Rheinpfalz).
The project of the two has meanwhile been based on a scientific long-term study in vineyards in the five Italian regions Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Lombardy. Piedmont. Sicily and Tuscany expanded. This is supported by Prof. Attilio Scienza, head of Viticulture and Enology at the University of Milan, and Prof. Laura Mugnai from the University of Florence, Viticulture and Management oenology, The two wine pioneers have now received the honorable name "Pruning Guys". See also a list of all systems at training system as well as all activities in the vineyard below Weingarten Care,