Description (also location) for the second smallest wine-growing area unit in Germany as a geographically protected origin of a wine. Single-layer names are given for all German wine-growing areas. Since 2014 there has been the option of smaller areas within a single layer, which can also be multi-layer than cadastral location (now smallest area unit) in the Weinberg role register what is used by individual wineries. The indication of the individual layer on the bottle label is not mandatory, but is done in Germany quality wines relatively common. The next largest area units are Great location (usually with several individual layers), Area (with one or more large locations) and growing region (with one or more areas). The picture shows the municipality of Trittenheim in the growing area Moselle in the area Bernkastel with the four individual layers Altärchen. pharmacy. Felsenkopf and Leiterchen in the large Michelsberg area.
According to the German Wine Act 1971, a single vineyard is defined as a specific vineyard, from the yield of which equivalent wines of similar tastes are used to produce and which are located in one or more municipalities in the same wine-growing region. The vineyards of a municipality or a district are divided into one or in most cases several individual layers. As a rule, very old and "speaking" Hall- or winning names used. In the Land Consolidation In 1971, however, both from soil type and / or the quality of the individual layers which are quite different or bath merged and thus the principle of "equivalent wines" was not taken into account.
There are currently over 2,700 individual layers registered in Germany. The trend is slightly increasing due to the cadastral locations listed above. The size varies extremely, in individual cases from less than one or a few hectares to 200 hectares and more. Such huge units contradict the original idea. That is why there is increasing criticism and many winegrowers and associations like that VDP (Verband deutscher Prädikatsweingüter) strive for reform or go their own way. Among other things, origin-independent quality designations such as Classic. reserve or Selection used. The German individual layers are with the growing areas cited. The individual layer corresponds to the Riede in Austria.