Designation (also location) for the second smallest winegrowing area in Germany as geographically protected ancestry a wine. Single layer designations are given for all German wine growing areas. Since 2014, it has been possible to create smaller areas within a single location, which can also be cross-site cadastral location (now smallest unit area) in the Weinberg role to be registered, which is also used by individual wineries. The indication of the single layer on the bottle label Although not mandatory, it is included in Germany quality wines relatively common. The next larger surface units are Great location (with mostly several individual layers), Area (with one or more major locations) and growing region (with one or more areas). The picture shows the community Trittenheim in the growing area Moselle in the area Bernkastel with the four individual layers Altärchen. pharmacy. Felsenkopf and Leiterchen in the great position Michelsberg.
According to the German wine law 1971 one understands under a single situation a certain Rebfläche, from whose income equivalent wines of similar taste directions to be manufactured and which are located in a municipality or in several municipalities of the same cultivation area. The vineyards of a municipality or a district are divided into one or in most cases several individual layers. As names are usually very old and "talking" Hall- or Gewannsnamen used. In the Land Consolidation In 1971, however, both ( soil type and / or the quality quite different individual layers or bath and therefore does not take into account the principle of "equivalent wines".
At present over 2.700 individual layers are registered in Germany. The trend is slightly increasing due to the cadastral sites listed above. The size varies greatly from, in some cases, less than one or a few hectares to 200 hectares and more. But such huge units contradict the original idea. Therefore, there is increasing criticism and many winemakers and associations such as VDP (Verband deutscher Prädikatsweingüter) strive for reform or go their own way. Among other things, origin-independent quality terms such as Classic. reserve or Selection used. The German single layers are at the growing areas cited. Correspondingly, the individual situation corresponds to the Riede in Austria.