One of the oldest educational systems in viticulture (also Eintelstockerziehung, pile culture or stick culture), which already in the antiquity was used. In Austria Until the 1950s it was the most widely used method of viticulture. Every single one of them gets involved Rebstock supported with a single stake. It was a very high one planting density with 8,000 to 10,000 sticks per hectare with a low trunk height usual. The development of the vines near the ground caused an increased disease infestation and frost damage, Therefore, after the Second World War, this form was gradually replaced by the high culture replaced.
A special shape in Germany is the so-called Moselpfahlerziehung, which at the Moselle was used in the 1st century by the Romans who cultivate wine here. There are two shoots of the vine with 12 to 18 each eyes per square meter in circular arches attached to the bottom of the trunk. This favors high yield, The foliage care In summer, however, is very labor intensive and a mechanization is not possible. By deeply hanging shoots and the soil care is hampered. It is only rarely and mainly on steep slopes used. She is still in the growing areas Ahr, Moselle, middle Rhine used.
A very vivid video (click to view) on the annual growth cycle the grapevine with all stages of the Hibernation to vintage is to be seen by the example of the Moselpfahlerziehung. See also Constellations below training system (Systems) and Weingarten Care (Activities).