The white grape variety comes from the Balkans and is named after a municipality in the Serbian Vojvodina. Synonyms grouped by country are White Slankamenka ( Germany ); Slankamenka Blanche ( France ); Slankamenka Bianca ( Italy ); Madaruša, Slankamenka Bijela ( Croatia ); Maghiarca, Majarcă Albă ( Romania ); Magyarica, Magyarka, Slankamenka Béla, Szlanka Fehér ( Hungary ). It is an old grape variety from the Banat region (landscape in Romania, Serbia and Hungary). There it is cultivated under different names, whereby the individual game types morphological distinguish quite strongly. About a possible genetic relationship to the red variety Pamid (Slankamenka Crvena) nothing is known. According to in 2013 DNA analysis is a probably natural cross between White Balint x Razachi Rosie (Razaki Kirmizi). However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
The late-ripening vine with thick-skinned berries is prone to the wrong mildew but resistant to Botrytis, It produces low-alcohol, low-acid white wines, which are therefore mainly used as a blend. Holdings exist in Croatia (31 ha), Romania (23 ha) and Hungary, In 2010 a total of 53 hectares of vineyards were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ). The black berry variety Slankamenka Rosie (Majarcă Rosie) is probably a colored one mutation; it is grown on 27 hectares in Romania.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)