The white grape variety comes from the Balkans and is named after a municipality in the Serbian Vojvodina. Synonyms grouped by country are White Slankamenka ( Germany ); Slankamenka Blanche ( France ); Slankamenka Bianca ( Italy ); Madaruša, Slankamenka Bijela ( Croatia ); Maghiarca, Majarcă Albă ( Romania ); Magyarica, Magyarka, Slankamenka Bela, Szlanka Fehér ( Hungary ). It is an old grape variety from the Banat area (landscape in Romania, Serbia and Hungary). There it is cultivated under different names, whereby the individual varieties morphological quite different. About a possible genetic relationship to the red variety Pamid (Slankamenka Crvena) is not known. According to done in 2013 DNA analysis it is a presumably natural cross between White Balint x Razachi Rosie (Razaki Kirmizi). However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see below molecular Genetics ).
The late-ripening vine with thick-skinned berries is prone to fake mildew, but resistant to Botrytis, It produces alcohol-rich, low-acid white wines, which therefore serve mainly as a blend. There are stocks in Croatia (31 ha), Romania (23 ha) and Hungary, In 2010, a total of 53 hectares of vineyards were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ). The blackberry variety Slankamenka Rosie (Majarcă Rosie) is probably a color mutation; it is grown in Romania on 27 hectares.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)