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Slovakia (GB)
Eslovaquia (ES)
Slovaquie (F)
Slovacca (I)
Eslováquia (PO)
Slowakije (N)

In 1993 the former state became Czechoslovakia the independent states of Slovakia and Czech Republic educated. Viticulture has a common history that goes back to the Celts declining. The wine-growing regions of Slovakia are located mainly in the south on the borders Austria and Hungary, The vineyards form a 60 km long strip along these borders and are located on the northern edge of the European wine growing area Danube tributaries Hron (Gran), Nitra (Neutra) and Váh (Waag) around the capital Bratislava (Bratislava). There is a continental climate with hot summers and cool winters with moderate rainfall. In 2012, the area covered 20,000 hectares, of which 384,000 hectoliters of wine were produced. Two thirds are white wines and one third red wines. Well-known wineries are Gbelce, Hlohovec, Hurbanovo, Matysák, Pavelka, Topolcany and Trnava. Except for export to Czech Republic the majority is consumed in the country. The Blend 2010:

vine colour Synonyms or Slovakian name hectare
Green Valtellina White Veltlínske Zelené 2091
Riesling White Rizling Vlašský 1655
Blaufränkisch red Frankovka Modrá 1378
St. Laurent red Svätovavrinecké 939
Müller-Thurgau White - 932
Riesling White Rizling Rýnsky 605
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 570
Pinot Blanc White Burgundské Biele, Rulandské Biele 523
Chardonnay White - 310
Gewurztraminer / Traminer White Tramín Červený 265
Furmint White - 248
Odessky Cherny red - 236
Fetească Regală White Pesecká Leánka 231
Irsai Olivér White Irsay Oliver 227
Feteasca Alba White Dievcie Hrozno 219
André red - 211
Pinot gris White Burgundské Sivé, Rulandské Sivé 211
Sauvignon Blanc White Sauvignon 208
Frühroter Veltliner White Veltlínske Červené Skoré 195
Muskát Moravský White MOPR, Moravian nutmeg 163
Hárslevelü White Lipovina 141
devín White - 133
Sylvaner (Green Silvaner) White Silvanske Zelené 117
Zweigelt red - 116
Blue Portuguese red Modrý Portugal, Portugalské Modré 92
Dunaj red - 62
Muscat Ottonel White Muskat Ottonel 48
Muscat Blanc / muscatel White Muškát Žltý 48
Neronet red - 39
Pálava White - 32
Aurelius White - 26
Breslava White Chrtc x St M Dc Alc 10/28 10
Neuburger White Neuburger 9
Bouvier White Bouvierovo Hrozno 6
Noria White - 2
Milia red - 1
Red Silvaner / Sylvaner red Silvanske Cervené ?
Csaba Gyöngye White Cabianska Perla ?
Ezerjó White - ?
Leányka White - ?
Lena White - ?
Pinot Noir red Burgundské Modré, Rulandské Modré ?
Rotgipfler White Slatzki Zelenac ?
Red and white Veltliner White Veltlínske Červenobiele ?
Veritas White - ?
Vrboska White - ?

Well-known wine-growing communities are Hurbanovo, Levice, Modra (with wine-growing school), Nitra, Nove Zamky, Pezinok, Raca, Sahy, Sered, Sobota, Trnava and Zlaté Moravce. A specialty is the small area in the far east, which borders directly on the Hungarian Tokaj-Hegyalja. A wine of the type of Tokaj generated. After years of controversy, the two countries finally agreed at the beginning of 2003 that these wines produced within the 172 hectare area were allowed to bear the Tokaji designation of origin (this was rejected by Hungary for four other communities claimed by Slovakia).

Wine categories : As in Austria and Germany, the wine categories are based on the Mostgewicht the grapes; 1 ° NM (Normalizovaný Muštomer) = 1 kg of sugar per 100 l of must. In August 2009, the EU wine market regulations came into force for all member countries, with fundamental changes to the wine names and quality levels. There are the following new names and quality levels (see also in detail under quality system ):

  • Víno (formerly table wine ) = Wine
  • CZO (Chráněné Zeměpisné Označeni) = Regionálne Víno or country wine
  • ??? (not known) = Akostné Víno or quality wine (at least 16 ° NM, yield limits per area)

Prädikatsweine (Akostné Víno s prívlastkom)

  • Kabinetné = cabinet (fully ripe grapes, at. 19 ° NM)
  • Neskorý zber = late vintage (fully ripe, at. 21 ° NM)
  • Výber z hrozna = choice (overripe, selected, at. 23 ° NM)
  • Bobuľový výber = Beerenauslese (overripe, selected, at. 26 ° NM)
  • Hrozienkový výber = Trockenbeerenauslese (overripe, selected, at. 28 ° NM)
  • Cibébový výber = dry berry selection ( botrytisierte Grapes, otherwise as before)
  • L'adový zber = Eiswein (read at least minus 7 ° Celsius, at. 27 ° NM)
  • Slamové Víno = Strohwein (for. 3 months dried on reed mats, for. 27 ° NM)

Tokaj (see the provisions there that also apply to Slovakia)

  • Esencia = Eszencia (450 g / l sugar, 50 g / l total extract, 3 years maturation)
  • Forditáš = Forditás (2 years maturation, including 1 wooden barrel)
  • Mášláš = Máslás (2 years maturation, including 1 wooden barrel)
  • Samorodné = Szamorodni (2 years maturation, including 1 wooden barrel)
  • Výber = Aszú / outbreak (3 to 6 putňový, 3 years maturation, including 2 years wooden barrel)
  • Výberová Esencia = Aszú-Eszencia (for. 180 g / l sugar, 3 years maturation, thereof 2 wood)

Special wine names / types

  • Mladé Víno = young wine (Bottling before the end of the reading year)
  • Archívne Víno = archive wine (3 years maturation)
  • Panenská úroda = Virgin Wine (Grapes from the first harvest after vine planting)
  • Pestovateľský sparkling wine sparkling wine
  • Sekt vinohradníckej oblasti / Sekt VO = sparkling wine from a certain wine region

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