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22.739 Keywords • 48.624 Synonyms • 5.293 Translations • 7.912 Pronunciations • 150.046 Cross-references

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Small Karoo

Winegrowing region (also Little Karoo) in South Africa which extends in elongated form from the western adjoining region Breede River Valley extends to the coast to the Indian Ocean. The name Karoo is of Scottish origin and derives from "kurú" (dry), indicating the hot, dry and rain-poor climate. The region includes the two districts Calitzdorp and Langeberg-Garcia, as well as the independent non-district five wards Montagu, Outeniqua, Tradouw, Tradouw Highlands and Upper Langkloof. The area is famous for its ostrich farms and sheep farming. In this extremely dry area with very little rainfall viticulture is only artificial irrigation possible.

The vineyards cover 2,904 hectares (2009) and stretch as a 250-kilometer-long ribbon in the Karoobecken amidst bizarre mountain landscapes mainly in valleys, along the rivers and gorges. Many of them are on sandy alluvial soils on the banks of rivers used for irrigation. To 75% of white wines are mainly from Colombard, Chenin Blanc (Steen), Chardonnay, Muscat d 'Alexandrie and Sauvignon Blanc, as well as to 25% red wines from mainly Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinotage and Ruby Cabernet produced. In the West these are mostly fortified wines and dry white wines, sweet dessert wines called in the East Jerepigo and port-like products. Well-known wineries are Boplaas Estate, The Cranes, The Poort, Grundheim, Calitzdorp Coop and Mons Rubet. The other regions are Boberg. Breede River Valley. Cape South Coast. Coastal region and Olifant's River,

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