This form of education belongs to the group of Trellis educational systems, She was in the early 1980s in California from Australian wine grower Dr. Richard Smart (* 1945) and the California winemaker John Dyson, on whose winery it was first tested, named. It is a cordon education, in which the short spigot directed upwards and downwards. The evolving ones shoots be (as with the Scott Henry education ) also formed up and down. The system brings high yield and is suitable for machine use pruning and vintage, From the 1990s it was in Argentina. Australia. Chile. Portugal. Spain and in the USA widely used. A system based on Smart Dyson is called Ballerina . See also Constellations under training system (Systems) and Weingarten Care (Activities).